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Keyword: Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER)

A rapid response database in support of post-fire hydrological modeling

Publications Posted on: January 06, 2017
Being prepared for an emergency is important. Every year wildfires threaten homes and lives, but danger persists even after the flames are extinguished. Post-fire flooding and erosion (Figure 1) can threaten lives, property, and natural resources.

Reducing post-fire hillslope erosion with wood shreds

Documents and Media Posted on: January 23, 2015
Wood shreds and other mulch treatments (agricultural straw, woods strands, and hydromulch) are frequently recommended as a technique used to stabilize hillslopes by providing immediate ground cover and to mitigate post-fire increases in runoff and erosion rates. Key Points:Document Type: Briefing Papers

Evaluating the effectiveness of wood shred and agricultural straw mulches as a treatment to reduce post-wildfire hillslope erosion in southern British Columbia, Canada

Publications Posted on: September 04, 2013
After the 2009 Terrace Mountain fire near Kelowna, BC, Canada, wood shred and agricultural straw mulch effects on post-fire runoff and sediment yields were compared using three experimental techniques: rainfall simulations on 1-m2 plots, concentrated flow (rill) simulations on 9-m long plots, and sediment yields from natural rainfall on 30-m2 plots. All experimental plots were located on and along a planar hillslope burned at high severity.

Production and aerial application of wood shreds as a post-fire hillslope erosion mitigation treatment

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2013
Guidelines for the production and aerial application of wood shred mulch as a post-fire hillslope treatment were developed from laboratory and field studies, several field operations, and the evaluations of professionals involved in those operations. At two early trial sites, the wood shred mulch was produced off-site and transported to the area of use.

Field trip guide to the 2010 Schultz Fire Burn Area

Publications Posted on: May 09, 2012
This field trip guide was created for a September 18th, 2011, field trip to the 2010 Schultz Fire burn area northeast of Flagstaff, Arizona, as part of the Arizona Hydrological Society's Annual Symposium. The guide provides background information on the 2010 Schultz Fire and aftermath (Section 1), site-specific information for each stop on the field trip (Section 2), and a discussion of issues of wildfires in municipal watersheds (Section 3).

Using QuickBird imagery to detect cover and spread of post-fire straw mulch after the 2006 Tripod Fire, Washington, USA

Publications Posted on: April 25, 2011
Agricultural straw mulch is a commonly applied treatment for protecting resources at risk from runoff and erosion events after wildfires. High-resolution QuickBird satellite imagery was acquired after straw mulch was applied on the 2006 Tripod Fire in Washington. We tested whether the imagery was suitable for remotely assessing the areal coverage of the straw mulch treatment.

Nonmarket resource valuation in the postfire environment

Publications Posted on: December 17, 2008
After the containment of large wildland fires, major onsite and downstream effects including lost soil productivity, watershed response, increased vulnerability to invasive weeds, and downstream sedimentation can cause threats to human life and property. Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER) teams are responsible for developing treatment plans to mitigate negative consequences associated with these postwildfire events.

Assessing post-fire values-at-risk with a new calculation tool

Publications Posted on: December 06, 2007
Wildfire effects include loss of vegetative cover and changes to soil properties that may lead to secondary effects of increased runoff, erosion, flooding, sedimentation, and vulnerability to invasive weeds. These secondary effects may threaten human life and safety, cultural and ecological resources, land use, and existing infrastructure.