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Keyword: climate

Contemporary fire regimes provide a critical perspective on restoration needs in the Mexico-United States borderlands

Publications Posted on: March 27, 2021
The relationship between people and wildfire has always been paradoxical: fire is an essential ecological process and management tool, but can also be detrimental to life and property. Consequently, fire regimes have been modified throughout history through both intentional burning to promote benefits and active suppression to reduce risks.

Forest disturbance types and current analogs for historical disturbance-independent forests

Publications Posted on: March 19, 2021
Forest classifications by disturbance permit designation of multiple types of both old growth forests and shorter-lived forests, which auto-replace under severe disturbance, and also identification of loss of the disturbance type and associated forest.

Sensitivity of snowpack storage to precipitation and temperature using spatial and temporal analog models

Publications Posted on: March 17, 2021
Empirical sensitivity analyses are important for evaluation of the effects of a changing climate on water resources and ecosystems. Although mechanistic models are commonly applied for evaluation of climate effects for snowmelt, empirical relationships provide a first-order validation of the various postulates required for their implementation.

Geospatial data for Great Basin perennial montane watersheds - geomorphology, hydrology, vegetation, disturbance and species

Datasets Posted on: December 30, 2020
Multiple partners working together developed a multiscale approach for assessing the geomorphic sensitivity of streams and ecological resilience of riparian ecosystems, including meadows, in upland watersheds of the Great Basin to disturbances and management actions. This data publication contains the geospatial data, representative of 2020, resulting from that work.

Characterizing ecoregions and montane perennial watersheds of the Great Basin

Publications Posted on: November 18, 2020
Multiple research and management partners collaboratively developed a multiscale approach for assessing the geomorphic sensitivity of streams and ecological resilience of riparian and meadow ecosystems in upland watersheds of the Great Basin to disturbances and management actions. The approach builds on long-term work by the partners on the responses of these systems to disturbances and management actions.

Experimental treatments for increasing perennial grass cover in a shrub-invaded grassland in the Southwestern Borderlands region of Arizona and New Mexico

Publications Posted on: October 22, 2020
The density of mesquite (Prosopis spp.) and other woody species has increased on desert and semidesert grasslands in the southwestern United States. This increase in woody species has been associated with the decline of native herbaceous plants and a loss of biological diversity and productivity. There have been numerous attempts to reverse this situation.

Pollinators of the Great Plains: Disturbances, stressors, management, and research needs

Publications Posted on: September 28, 2020
Recent global declines of pollinator populations have highlighted the importance of pollinators, which are undervalued despite essential contributions to ecosystem services. To identify critical knowledge gaps about pollinators, we describe the state of knowledge about responses of pollinators and their foraging and nesting resources to historical natural disturbances and new stressors in Great Plains grasslands and riparian ecosystems.

A bibliography for the northern Madrean Biogeographic Province

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
An online bibliography was compiled to furnish a literature basis for implementing of land management activities and planning research endeavors in the Madrean Biogeographic Province, which includes the Madrean Archipelago region in the southwestern United States. Citations are listed alphabetically by author in categories appropriate to the subject-matter presented. The large number of citations preclude hard-copy publication.

New California Plateaus Science Synthesis: Science Supporting Dry Forest and Rangeland Planning

Documents and Media Posted on: June 08, 2020
The newly published RMRS-GTR-409 has a Northeastern California focus on sagebrush rangeland, dry pine forestland, juniper forests, habitat and wildlife, society, and response to disturbances, particularly those related to climate. Document Type: Other Documents

Warmer and Drier: How Vulnerable Are Southwestern U.S. Ecosystems to Climate Change?

Documents and Media Posted on: April 29, 2020
The most arid region of the United States—the Southwest—is expected to become even warmer and drier in the future as the climate changes, according to several global climate models. Document Type: Other Documents