The Greater sage-grouse, once estimated to have a population of 16 million across the western United States, is now believed to be less than one million. The population decline is related to their habitat, much of which has been degraded by non-native grasses and fragmented by development. Because of the location-specific nature of their mating ritual, greater sage-grouse are particularly vulnerable to habitat disruption. New research builds the case for optimism for this species of concern. A new USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station study, The genetic network of greater sage-grouse: range-wide identification of keystone hubs of connectivity, provides tools for decisionmakers to inform which areas of habitat are most critical to conserve, not just for the bird, but for other species as well.