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Keyword: ecological restoration

Soil properties and climate drive ponderosa pine seedling presence in the southwestern USA

Publications Posted on: March 19, 2021
A continual improvement of our understanding about factors that influence tree regeneration is needed to inform landscape-scale restoration efforts across the western USA. This is increasingly important because changing climate and disturbance regimes will influence where restoration efforts should be implemented across landscapes. In this study, we used Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data to model ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa C.

Native and non-native understory vegetation responses to restoration treatments in a dry conifer forest over 23 years

Publications Posted on: December 11, 2020
Restoration of fire-prone forests is a common practice intended to increase resilience to wildfire, drought, and bark beetles. However, the long-term effects of restoration treatments on understory species, particularly nonnative species, are poorly understood.

International principles and standards for the practice of ecological restoration: Second Edition Summary

Publications Posted on: June 24, 2020
Ecological restoration, when implemented effectively and sustainably, contributes to protecting biodiversity; improving human health and wellbeing; increasing food and water security; delivering goods, services, and economic prosperity; and supporting climate change mitigation, resilience, and adaptation.

International principles and standards for the practice of ecological restoration

Publications Posted on: June 24, 2020
Ecological restoration, when implemented effectively and sustainably, contributes to protecting biodiversity; improving human health and wellbeing; increasing food and water security; delivering goods, services, and economic prosperity; and supporting climate change mitigation, resilience, and adaptation.

Restoration ecology: A new forest management paradigm, or another merit badge for foresters?

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
Focusing on the Southwest but raising questions that are more broadly applicable, we compare ecological restoration with conventional management regimes -- multiple-use management, ecosystem management, and managing for specific resourse objectives. That restoration assumes a holistic prespective and active intervention does not distinguish it from other approaches to achieving ecosystem health.

Open forest ecosystems: An excluded state

Publications Posted on: June 10, 2020
Once dominant but now largely excluded from eastern North America, open forests of savannas to woodlands occupy the ecosystem gradient between grasslands and closed forests. These fire-maintained systems differ in structure, processes, and species from closed canopy, succession-driven forests that currently dominate this region.

Protected area stewardship in the Anthropocene: Integrating science, law, and ethics to evaluate proposals for ecological restoration in wilderness

Publications Posted on: May 10, 2020
Every year, the four federal agencies that manage designated wilderness in the United States receive proposals to implement small- and large-scale ecological restorations within the National Wilderness Preservation System. The combination of climate change with other landscape stressors is driving ecological restoration to be one of the single most important, challenging, and potentially litigious wilderness stewardship issues.

Historical fire regimes in ponderosa pine forests of the Colorado Front Range, and recommendations for ecological restoration and fuels management

Publications Posted on: February 27, 2020
At the request of The Nature Conservancy and the Front Range Fuels Treatment Partnership, we are developing brief summaries of the current state of our scientific understanding of historical fire regimes in the forested landscapes of Colorado's Front Range. The area of interest extends from El Paso and Teller Counties, near Pikes Peak, to Larimer County and the Colorado-Wyoming border.

Seeing species through the forbs by using DNA sequencing

Projects Posted on: August 01, 2019
Forbs are an integral component of terrestrial ecosystems and critical to pollinator health. However, we know very little about the biology of native forbs. Such knowledge is a prerequisite to developing restoration programs that use diverse forb species in restoration seeding.

Strong patterns of local adaptation in Great Basin plants

Science Spotlights Posted on: July 31, 2019
Natural selection varies across landscapes and populations often adapt to local environmental conditions. Using a literature review of common garden studies published between 1941 and 2017, we documented the commonness of three signatures of local adaptation in plants native to North America's Great Basin. Our results demonstrate widespread habitat‐related population differentiation and local adaptation across the Great Basin. 

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