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Keyword: ecosystem services

Socioeconomic vulnerability to ecological changes to national forests and grasslands in the Southwest

Publications Posted on: September 17, 2018
The flow of ecosystem services derived from forests and grasslands in the Southwestern United States may change in the future. People and communities may be vulnerable if they are exposed, are sensitive, and have limited ability to adapt to ecological changes.

An integrated approach to valuation and tradeoff analysis of ecosystem services for national forest decision-making

Publications Posted on: August 17, 2018
An integrated approach to understanding ecosystem service values in Wyoming and Montana, USA is presented. The assessment encompasses a major river basin, and includes a synthesis of existing data and research related to the natural system and separate data collection efforts regarding the social and economic importance of ecosystem services.

Coming to a landscape near you: Natural resource changes in the Interior West

Pages Posted on: April 19, 2018
  In the coming decades, population growth, economic growth, and associated land-use changes - in concert with climate change - will influence forests and rangelands in the Interior West. Society’s demand for ecosystem goods and services continues to increase as human and biophysical change alter the productive capacity of these lands. The 2010 RPA Assessment uses scenario-based socioeconomic and climatic projections to analyze these natural resource trends. Geographic variation throughout the Interior West will determine local trends, but regional trends project population growth around existing urban centers and the likelihood of water shortages, primarily in the Southwest. Projected population growth will increase demands for water, agricultural-to-residential land-use changes, and habitat fragmentation. Projected climatic change will further complicate the picture of the region’s future, as water availability decreases, outdoor recreation opportunities shift, and increasing temperatures alter habitat.

Growth and survival before and after a mountain pine beetle outbreak in a ponderosa pine genetic trial

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
This data package contains data used for the publication "An insect outbreak shifts the direction of selection from fast to slow growth rates in the long-lived conifer Pinus ponderosa" (de la Mata et al. 2017). The study includes measurements from 204 half-sibling families planted in a common garden experiment planted in 1974 and last measured in 2013.

MODIS-based annual production estimates from 2000-2015 for rangelands in USFS grazing allotments in Region 5

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
This data publication contains an ESRI grid dataset describing annual productivity and drought in the non-forest domain of Region 5 (California) of the United States Forest Service (USFS). Production data were generated from the Rangeland Vegetation Simulator (RVS).

Fire Lab tree list: A tree-level model of the western US circa 2009 v1

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
Maps of the number, size, and species of trees in forests across the western United States are desirable for many applications such as estimating terrestrial carbon resources, predicting tree mortality following wildfires, and for forest inventory.

Effect of forest cover on water treatment costs

Science Spotlights Posted on: October 06, 2017
Intact forests preserve water quality in our lakes and streams, providing cost savings for municipal water providers. American water utilities spend millions of dollars protecting and improving their source water to ensure the delivery of safe drinking water. Knowing the value of this green infrastructure helps communities and land managers better steward the watersheds we rely on and helps the Forest Service better engage with stakeholders in watershed protection.

Using an agent-based model to examine forest management outcomes in a fire-prone landscape in Oregon, USA

Publications Posted on: September 25, 2017
Fire-prone landscapes present many challenges for both managers and policy makers in developing adaptive behaviors and institutions. We used a coupled human and natural systems framework and an agent-based landscape model to examine how alternative management scenarios affect fire and ecosystem services metrics in a fire-prone multiownership landscape in the eastern Cascades of Oregon.

Density-dependent vulnerability of forest ecosystems to drought

Publications Posted on: September 08, 2017
Climate models predict increasing drought intensity and frequency for many regions, which may have negative consequences for tree recruitment, growth and mortality, as well as forest ecosystem services. Furthermore, practical strategies for minimizing vulnerability to drought are limited.

Effect of forest cover on water treatment costs

Publications Posted on: August 30, 2017
Please note: Due to copyright restrictions, this PDF is the submitted manuscript of the publication. The published version can be purchased on the Water Economics and Policy website here: