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Keyword: ecosystem services

Restoring composition and structure in Southwestern frequent-fire forests: A science-based framework for improving ecosystem resiliency

Publications Posted on: September 30, 2013
Ponderosa pine and dry mixed-conifer forests in the Southwest United States are experiencing, or have become increasingly susceptible to, large-scale severe wildfire, insect, and disease episodes resulting in altered plant and animal demographics, reduced productivity and biodiversity, and impaired ecosystem processes and functions.

Integrating biodiversity and drinking water protection goals through geographic analysis

Publications Posted on: September 24, 2013
Aim: Biodiversity and drinking water share a common interest in land conservation. Our objective was to identify where that common interest occurs

Framework for comparing ecosystem impacts of developing unconventional energy resources on western US rangelands

Publications Posted on: October 25, 2012
More diverse sources of energy are needed for countries to progress toward energy independence and to meet future food production needs. The US Task Force on Strategic Unconventional Fuels concluded that to achieve this objective it is essential to develop a domestic unconventional fuels industry.

Degradation and damages from utilizing ecosystem services in a river basin

Publications Posted on: October 01, 2012
We examine the tradeoffs between utilizing multiple ecosystem services in an economic model of the Lower Mississippi-Atchafalaya River Basin. We show how economic development in the basin degraded the ecosystem, but diversified the economy. A degraded ecosystem and more employment opportunities elsewhere reduced the region's reliance on agriculture and other resource-related industries such as fishing.

The role of wilderness protection and societal engagement as indicators of well-being: An examination of change at the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness

Publications Posted on: September 10, 2012
A societal decision to protect over 9 million acres of land and water for its wilderness character in the early 1960s reflected US wealth in natural resources, pride in the nation's cultural history and our commitment to the well-being of future generations to both experience wild nature and enjoy benefits flowing from these natural ecosystems. There is no question that our relationship with wilderness has changed.

Nonmarket economic values of forest insect pests: An updated literature review

Publications Posted on: April 12, 2012
This report updates the literature review and synthesis of economic valuation studies on the impacts of forest insect pests by Rosenberger and Smith (1997). A conceptual framework is presented to establish context for the studies.

Climate change on the Shoshone National Forest, Wyoming: a synthesis of past climate, climate projections, and ecosystem implications

Publications Posted on: December 14, 2011
The Shoshone National Forest (Shoshone) covers 2.4 million acres of mountainous topography in northwest Wyoming and is a vital ecosystem that provides clean water, wildlife habitat, timber, grazing, recreational opportunities, and aesthetic value. The Shoshone has experienced and adapted to changes in climate for many millennia, and is currently experiencing a warming trend that is expected to accelerate in the next century.

Ecosystem services: Just another catch phrase?

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2011
The "ecosystem services" concept has emerged as a popular area of discussion among policy makers and conservation advocates. Ecosystem services are the benefits people derive from nature and include the provision of water, food, wood, and fiber; regulation of climate, flood, drought, and disease; maintenance of biodiversity; and recreational, aesthetic, spiritual, and cultural values.

Ecosystem services and climate change: Understanding the differences and identifying opportunities for forest carbon

Publications Posted on: February 09, 2011
There are a number of misunderstandings about “ecosystem services” and “climate change” and these terms are often used incorrectly to describe different concepts. These concepts address different issues and objectives but have some important integrating themes relating to carbon and carbon sequestration. In this paper, we provide definitions and distinctions between ecosystem services and climate change.

Forest Service Global Change Research Strategy, 2009-2019 Implementation Plan

Publications Posted on: December 09, 2010
In keeping with the research goals of the U.S. Global Change Research Program, the climate change strategy of the U.S.