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Keyword: encounters

Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness: 1991 visitor survey data

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW) is in the Superior National Forest in northern Minnesota. The BWCAW receives the most use of any wilderness in the country, and has been the location of several studies.

Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness: 2007 visitor survey data

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
In 2007, a team consisting of Superior National Forest managers, Forest Service scientists, and academic partners surveyed visitors to the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW) in northern Minnesota. The BWCAW receives the most use of any wilderness in the country, and has been the location of several studies. This 2007 study is similar to previous BWCAW studies in 1969 and 1991.

Data from monitoring inter-group encounters at the Alpine Lakes Wilderness in 1991

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
Many managers face the challenge of monitoring rates of visitor encounters in wilderness.

The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness: Examining changes in use, users, and management challenges

Publications Posted on: February 21, 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine trends in use and user characteristics at the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Based on data from 1969, 1991, and 2007, the average age of visitors has increased significantly, education levels have increased, and visitors remain predominantly male. Visitors in 2007 report seeing twice as many groups since 1961 and 1991, but the number of encounters are not exceeding expectations.

Developing social standards for wilderness encounters in Mount Rainier National Park: Manager-defined versus visitor-defined standards

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
This research compared the differences found between manager-defined and visitor-defined social standards for wilderness encounters in Mount Rainier National Park. Social standards in recreation areas of public land are defined by what is acceptable to the public, in addition to the area’s management.

Encountering Heidi: meeting others as a central aspect of the river experience

Publications Posted on: March 08, 2006
Over the past few decades, numerous studies have investigated relationships between encounters and the backcountry recreation experience. Although academics and professionals may recognize that meeting others in backcountry areas could result in positive interactions that are beneficial to the experience, research directed at the positive aspects of intergroup relations is still in its inception.