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Keyword: Euphorbia esula

Inundative release of Aphthona spp. flea beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) as a biological "herbicide" on leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) in riparian areas

Publications Posted on: September 25, 2013
Inundative releases of beneficial insects are frequently used to suppress pest insects, but not commonly attempted as a method of weed biological control because of the difficulty in obtaining the required large numbers of insects. The successful establishment of a flea beetle complex, mixed Aphthona lacertosa Rosenhauer and A.

Population dynamics and impacts of the red-headed leafy spurge stem borer on leafy spurge

Publications Posted on: September 25, 2013
We evaluated the efficacy of the biological control agent, red-headed leafy spurge stem borer (Oberea erythrocephala Schrank.) against the nonnative invasive plant leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.). Our three treatments were release of the biological control agent into uncaged plots, release of the biological control agent into plots caged to prevent agent escape and control plots caged to prevent agent entry.

Monitoring biological control agents and leafy spurge populations along the Smith River in Montana, USA

Publications Posted on: September 25, 2013
The Smith River originates in west central Montana and flows north approximately 100 miles before joining the Missouri River. The central 60 miles of the river flows through a relatively inaccessible, forested, scenic limestone canyon famous for its trout fishing. Because of its popularity, the area was designated Montana's first and only controlled river, with access by a permit system.

Lack of native vegetation recovery following biological control of leafy spurge

Publications Posted on: September 17, 2010
Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) is an aggressive exotic species that has been successfully suppressed in a variety of situations using classical biological control (flea beetles; Aphthona spp.). This 9-yr study investigated patterns of vegetation responses following significant reductions in leafy spurge cover and density by flea beetles in southeastern Montana.

Efficacy of flea beetle control of leafy spurge in Montana and South Dakota

Publications Posted on: July 19, 2007
Black (Aphthona lacertosa and Aphthona czwalinae) and brown (Aphthona nigriscutis) flea beetles are among the more successful biological control agents used in the control and management of leafy spurge on a relatively large scale in the Northern Great Plains.

Diets of angora goats grazing leafy spurge Euphorbia esula-infested rangelands

Publications Posted on: May 10, 2006
Angora goats have been suggested as biological control agents for leafy spurge, especially in environmentally sensitive or limited access areas. Dietary preferences and dietary nutritive content of herded Angora goats were evaluated over a two-year period in North Dakota.

Evidence for leafy spurge dissemination by birds?

Publications Posted on: April 25, 2006
Questions are often raised concerning the spread of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula; E. virgata; and their complex) by birds, particularly, since this noxious weed is often found in inaccessible places and beneath lines and other apparent perches. In a study in 1936, Bakke reported no viable seed passed through the digestive tract of mourning doves.