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Keyword: fire behavior

Fire spread upslope: Numerical simulation of laboratory experiments

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2019
Numerical simulations of laboratory-scale experiments, with no wind imposed, were performed for fuel bed slopes ranging from 0° to 45°. The implementation of a vertical symmetry plane (SP) placed, span-wise, along the middle of the computational domain, was assessed as an approach to reduce computational cost. The simulations were performed with Wildland-urban interface Fire Dynamics Simulator (WFDS).

Coupling wildfire spread and erosion models to quantify post-fire erosion before and after fuel treatments

Publications Posted on: September 14, 2019
Wildfires are known to change post-fire watershed conditions such that hillslopes can become prone to increased erosion and sediment delivery. In this work, we coupled wildfire spread and erosion prediction modelling to assess the benefits of fuel reduction treatments in preventing soil runoff. The study was conducted in a 68 000-ha forest area located in Sardinia, Italy. We compared no-treatment conditions v.

To masticate or not: Useful tips for treating vegetation

Science Spotlights Posted on: August 21, 2019
Recently, several large fires have burned through masticated sites – including in Colorado (Brewer et al. 2013), Washington, and New Mexico. Burning under extreme weather conditions with strong winds, these fires have challenged the benefits of using mastication, even though mastication can provide many positive environmental effects, such as soil moisture retention and cool, moist environments for soil microbes. However, informing managers when, where, and how mastication is applied is based on antidotal evidence. To address, this issue we synthesized information to provide managers with a current state of knowledge on mastication.

How to estimate tree mortality resulting from underburning

Publications Posted on: July 31, 2019
Prescribed burning beneath standing timber is widely used to accomplish objectives such as preparing land for reforestation, reducing fuels, improving livestock range, and modifying wildlife habitat. Such burning is usually guided by written plans that set forth general objectives and a firing pattern to accomplish them.

The fire and smoke model evaluation experiment—a plan for integrated, large fire–atmosphere field campaigns.

Publications Posted on: March 11, 2019
The Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment (FASMEE) is designed to collect integrated observations from large wildland fires and provide evaluation datasets for new models and operational systems.

Modeling thinning effects on fire behavior with STANDFIRE

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2018
Key message: We describe a modeling system that enables detailed, 3D fire simulations in forest fuels. Using data from three sites, we analyze thinning fuel treatments on fire behavior and fire effects and compare outputs with a more commonly used model.

Advancing the science of wildland fire dynamics using process-based models

Publications Posted on: September 26, 2018
As scientists and managers seek to understand fire behavior in conditions that extend beyond the limits of our current empirical models and prior experiences, they will need new tools that foster a more mechanistic understanding of the processes driving fire dynamics and effects.

Ponderosa pine ecosystems restoration and conservation: steps toward stewardship; 2000 April 25-27; Flagstaff, AZ

Publications Posted on: August 01, 2018
This volume is divided into three sections: (1) Ecological, Biological, and Physical Science; (2) Social and Cultural; and (3) Economics and Utilization. Effective ecological restoration requires a combination of science and management.

BehavePlus fire modeling system, version 4.0: User's Guide

Publications Posted on: August 01, 2018
The BehavePlus fire modeling system is a program for personal computers that is a collection of mathematical models that describe fire and the fire environment. It is a flexible system that produces tables, graphs, and simple diagrams. It can be used for a multitude of fire management applications including projecting the behavior of an ongoing fire, planning prescribed fire, and training.

Use of ordinary kriging and Gaussian conditional simulation to interpolate airborne fire radiative energy density estimates [Corrigendum]

Publications Posted on: May 11, 2018
Fire radiative energy density (FRED, J m-2) integrated from fire radiative power density (FRPD, W m-2) observations of landscape-level fires can present an undersampling problem when collected from fixed-wing aircraft. In the present study, the aircraft made multiple passes over the fire at ~3 min intervals, thus failing to observe most of the FRPD emitted as the flame front spread.

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