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Keyword: fire effects

Area burned at high severity is increasing in western U.S. forests

Science Spotlights Posted on: January 19, 2021
Increases in burned area across the western United States since the mid-1980s have been widely documented and linked partially to climate factors, yet evaluations of trends in fire severity are lacking. We documented an overall eight-fold increase in annual area burned at high severity across all western U.S. forests from 1985-2017 coincident with a warming climate.

Next generation fire severity mapping

Datasets Posted on: December 30, 2020
The geospatial products described and distributed here depict the probability of high-severity fire, if a fire were to occur, for several ecoregions in the contiguous western US.

Lick Creek Demonstration-Research Forest: Data and photo archive of 25-year fire and cutting effects on vegetation and fuels

Datasets Posted on: December 30, 2020
This data publication contains vegetation, fuels, and repeat photopoint data for the Lick Creek Demonstration-Research Forest Commercial Thinning + prescribed fire and Retention Shelterwood + prescribed fire study areas in western Montana. Pretreatment data were collected in 1991. The Commercial Thinning and Retention Shelterwood project areas are each stand-alone studies located in different areas and data should not be combined.

Evaluating socioecological wildfire effects in Greece with a novel numerical index

Publications Posted on: December 11, 2020
Large-scale wildfires have become more frequent in Greece and coupled with the country’s limited economic resources, investments in both pre-fire planning and post-fire rehabilitation for most affected areas are not feasible.

Fire history (1889-2017) in the South Fork Flathead River Watershed within the Bob Marshall Wilderness (Montana), including effects of single and repeat wildfires on forest structure and fuels

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2020
Wilderness areas offer value to society as a source of scientific information. We used fire perimeter records from the upper South Fork Flathead River watershed (Montana) to characterize the area burned one or more times during three periods: the pre-fire exclusion period (1889-1934), the fire exclusion period (1935-1980), and the fire management period (1981-2017).

Climate relationships with increasing wildfire in the southwestern US from 1984 to 2015

Publications Posted on: September 30, 2020
Over the last several decades in forest and woodland ecosystems of the southwestern United States, wildfire size and severity have increased, thereby increasing the vulnerability of these systems to type conversions, invasive species, and other disturbances. A combination of land use history and climate change is widely thought to be contributing to the changing fire regimes.

Proceedings of the Fire Continuum-Preparing for the future of wildland fire; 2018 May 21-24; Missoula, MT

Publications Posted on: July 22, 2020
The Fire Continuum Conference, co-sponsored by the Association for Fire Ecology and the International Association of Wildland Fire, was designed to cover both the biophysical and human dimensions aspects of fire along the fire continuum. This proceedings includes many of topics covered during the conference - including pre-fire planning and management, strategies during an incident, and post-fire effects and management options.

Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on air

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
This state-of-knowledge review about the effects of fire on air quality can assist land, fire, and air resource managers with fire and smoke planning, and their efforts to explain to others the science behind fire-related program policies and practices to improve air quality.

Steppe plant response to seasonal fire

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
Fire is a natural grassland disturbance that affects a variety of ecosystem factors including nutrient cycling, species diversity, and population and community dynamics. Caution is warranted when interpreting the effects of fire on grasslands due to the variety of fire types (e.g. wildfire vs prescribed burn), season of occurrence, weather conditions, grassland uses (e.g. grazing), fire history, and fuel conditions in which a burn can occur.

National strategic plan: modeling and data systems for wildland fire and air quality.

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
This strategic plan is a technical discussion of the implementation and development of models and data systems used to manage the air quality impacts of wildland and prescribed fires. Strategies and priorities in the plan were generated by the Express Team (chartered by the National Wildfire Coordinating Group) and a diverse group of 86 subject matter experts who attended a national planning workshop.