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Keyword: fire modeling

Science You Can Use Bulletin: Wildfire triage: Targeting mitigation based on social, economic, and ecological values

Publications Posted on: March 04, 2015
Evaluating the risks of wildfire relative to the valuable resources found in any managed landscape requires an interdisciplinary approach. Researchers at the Rocky Mountain Research Station and Western Wildland Threat Assessment Center developed such a process, using a combination of techniques rooted in fire modeling and ecology, economics, decision sciences, and the human dimensions of managing natural resources.

FlamMap

Tools Posted on: August 05, 2014
FlamMap is a fire behavior mapping and analysis program that computes potential fire behavior characteristics (spread rate, flame length, fireline intensity, etc.).

BehavePlus

Tools Posted on: August 05, 2014
The BehavePlus fire modeling system is a PC-based computer program that can be used for any fire management application that involves modeling fire behavior and fire effects. The system is composed of a collection of mathematical models that describe fire behavior, fire effects, and the fire environment.

Probabilistic assessment of wildfire hazard and municipal watershed exposure

Publications Posted on: October 01, 2012
The occurrence of wildfires within municipal watersheds can result in significant impacts to water quality and ultimately human health and safety. In this paper, we illustrate the application of geospatial analysis and burn probability modeling to assess the exposure of municipal watersheds to wildfire.

A real-time risk assessment tool supporting wildland fire decisionmaking

Publications Posted on: September 12, 2012
Development of appropriate management strategies for escaped wildland fires is complex. Fire managers need the ability to identify, in real time, the likelihood that wildfire will affect valuable developed and natural resources (e.g., private structures, public infrastructure, and natural and cultural resources).

Modeling wind adjustment factor and midflame wind speed for Rothermel's surface fire spread model

Publications Posted on: December 09, 2011
Rothermel's surface fire spread model was developed to use a value for the wind speed that affects surface fire, called midflame wind speed. Models have been developed to adjust 20-ft wind speed to midflame wind speed for sheltered and unsheltered surface fuel.

How to generate and interpret fire characteristics charts for surface and crown fire behavior

Publications Posted on: February 14, 2011
A fire characteristics chart is a graph that presents primary related fire behavior characteristics-rate of spread, flame length, fireline intensity, and heat per unit area. It helps communicate and interpret modeled or observed fire behavior. The Fire Characteristics Chart computer program plots either observed fire behavior or values that have been calculated by another computer program such as the BehavePlus fire modeling system.

BehavePlus fire modeling system, version 5.0: Design and Features

Publications Posted on: December 02, 2010
The BehavePlus fire modeling system is a computer program that is based on mathematical models that describe wildland fire behavior and effects and the fire environment. It is a flexible system that produces tables, graphs, and simple diagrams. It can be used for a host of fire management applications, including projecting the behavior of an ongoing fire, planning prescribed fire, assessing fuel hazard, and training.

Introduction: Strengthening the foundation of wildland fire Effects prediction for research and management

Publications Posted on: May 13, 2010
As prescribed fire use increases and the options for responding to wildfires continue to expand beyond suppression, the need for improving fire effects prediction capabilities be¬comes increasingly apparent. The papers in this Fire Ecology special issue describe recent advances in fire effects prediction for key classes of direct (first-order) fire effects.

Retrospective fire modeling: Quantifying the impacts of fire suppression

Publications Posted on: April 14, 2010
Land management agencies need to understand and monitor the consequences of their fire suppression decisions. We developed a framework for retrospective fire behavior modeling and impact assessment to determine where ignitions would have spread had they not been suppressed and to assess the cumulative effects that would have resulted.

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