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Keyword: fire

Fuels planning: science synthesis and integration; economic uses fact sheet 01: mastication treatments and costs

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
Mastication, or mulching, is a mechanical fuel treatment that changes the structure and size of fuels in the stand. This fact sheet describes the kinds of equipment available, where mastication should be used, and treatment factors affecting cost. Other publications in this series

Soils and nutrient considerations

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
Fire suppression has resulted in a buildup of forest litter and an accumulation of organic nitrogen, and a decrease in available potassium. This has changed the historic structure of soils and their nutrient content. Studies at 15 sites in Montana have looked at a wide range of changes in soil productivity following prescribed fire.

National strategic plan: modeling and data systems for wildland fire and air quality.

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
This strategic plan is a technical discussion of the implementation and development of models and data systems used to manage the air quality impacts of wildland and prescribed fires. Strategies and priorities in the plan were generated by the Express Team (chartered by the National Wildfire Coordinating Group) and a diverse group of 86 subject matter experts who attended a national planning workshop.

Clarifying the degree and type of public good collective action problem posed by natural resource management challenges

Publications Posted on: June 17, 2020
Increasingly, scholars have sought to understand the role of collective action across property boundaries to address natural resource management challenges.

Open forest ecosystems: An excluded state

Publications Posted on: June 10, 2020
Once dominant but now largely excluded from eastern North America, open forests of savannas to woodlands occupy the ecosystem gradient between grasslands and closed forests. These fire-maintained systems differ in structure, processes, and species from closed canopy, succession-driven forests that currently dominate this region.

Fire severity and the “thermophilization” of forest understory plant communities following the Hayman Fire, Colorado

Science Spotlights Posted on: May 13, 2020
Wildfires in dry conifer forests can trigger the “thermophilization” of understory plant communities – a  decrease in the proportion of plants that prefer cool environments and moderate moisture relative to those that prefer warm, dry conditions. We used understory plant community data collected before and after the Hayman Fire to examine relationships between fire severity and thermophilization, and how those relationships varied through time.

Seeds of Success: A conservation and restoration investment in the future of U.S. lands

Publications Posted on: May 10, 2020
Seeds of Success (SOS) is a national seed collection program led by the Bureau of Land Management. SOS represents the most comprehensive native seed repository in the United States, supporting native plant restoration, management, and research. Since inception in 2000, SOS has collected seeds from over 24,400 native plant populations from ~5,600 taxa from 43 states.

Invasive Species Science Update (No. 12)

Publications Posted on: April 16, 2020
In this issue, we include topics from the importance of biocrusts on invasive versus native plant establishment, effects of dryland restoration on invasive plants, using native seed mixes (rather than nonnative grass mixes) to inhibit cheatgrass invasion after fire, and exploring volatiles of high-elevation pines to better understand resistance to insects and pathogens.

Effects of restoration and fire on habitats and populations of western hummingbirds: A literature review

Publications Posted on: March 25, 2020
To inform future restoration efforts, we reviewed the known effects of fire and habitat management and restoration on hummingbirds in four key habitat types in North America.

Symposium Proceedings on Piñon-Juniper Habitats: Status and Management for Wildlife - 2016

Publications Posted on: February 10, 2020
Piñon-juniper vegetation types, including juniper woodland and savannah, piñon-juniper, and piñon woodland, cover approximately 40 million ha in the western United States, where they provide ecosystem services, wildlife habitat, and cultural and aesthetic value (Romme et al. 2009). These ecosystems are also the sites of oil and gas activities, grazing, and urban development and are impacted by changing climate and wildfire.