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Keyword: fire

Biomass flow in western forests: Simulating the effects of fuel reduction and presettlement restoration treatments

Publications Posted on: December 23, 2019
Fuel treatment silviculture and the resulting long-term flow of biomass were examined using data from selected western stands. An uneven-aged management regime with reserve trees was modeled, using a canopy closure of 40 percent for the dominant trees as a target and a harvest cutting cycle of 20 years. Fuel reduction treatments in currently overstocked stands resulted in an initial peak of removal for the first and second cutting cycles.

Litter and dead wood dynamics in ponderosa pine 
forests along a 160-year chronosequence

Publications Posted on: December 18, 2019
Disturbances such as fire play a key role in controlling ecosystem structure. In fire-prone forests, organic detritus comprises a large pool of carbon and can control the frequency and intensity of fire. The ponderosa pine forests of the Colorado Front Range, USA, where fire has been suppressed for a century, provide an ideal system for studying the long-term dynamics of detrital pools.

Fire ecology and management in lowland riparian ecosystems of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico

Publications Posted on: December 06, 2019
Lowland riparian ecosystems, defined as those occurring at elevations at or below 5,000 feet (1,564 meters), constitute a small fraction of total land area in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, yet they are extremely important to human livelihoods and biotic communities.

Fire severity and changing composition of forest understory plant communities

Publications Posted on: December 05, 2019
Gradients of fire severity in dry conifer forests can be associated with variation in understory floristic composition. Recent work in dry conifer forests in California, USA, has suggested that more severely burned stands contain more thermophilic taxa (those associated with warmer and drier conditions), and that forest disturbance may therefore accelerate floristic shifts already underway due to climate change.

Is that tree dead? Quantifying fire-killed trees to inform salvage and forest management

Documents and Media Posted on: October 01, 2019
Science You Can Use Bulletin, Issue 36: Is That Tree Dead? Quantifying Fire-Killed Trees to Inform Salvage and Forest Management Document Type: Other Documents

Management opportunities and research priorities for Great Plains grasslands

Publications Posted on: September 26, 2019
The Great Plains Grassland Summit: Challenges and Opportunities from North to South was held April 10-11, 2018 in Denver, Colorado to provide syntheses of information about key grassland topics of interest in the Great Plains; networking and learning channels for managers, researchers, and stakeholders; and working sessions for sharing ideas about challenges and future research and management opportunities.

Snag hazard to firefighters persists long after the smoke has cleared

Science Spotlights Posted on: September 24, 2019
A new tool developed through collaboration between RMRS and researchers at Oregon State University tracks treefall through time and may just save lives. Researchers found that snag hazard to fire responders decreased significantly 10-years post fire, but that in some areas, unsafe conditions could last as long as 35 years. Maps of snag hazard risk can be used by decision makers and fire responders to reduce exposure and improve the safety of wildfire response.

Does white-tailed deer density affect tree stocking in forests of the eastern United States?

Publications Posted on: August 19, 2019
Background: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) have increased during the past century in the USA. Greater deer densities may reduce tree regeneration, leading to forests that are understocked, where growing space is not filled completely by trees. Despite deer pressure, a major transition in eastern forests has resulted in increased tree densities.

Recent shifts in shade tolerance and disturbance traits in forests of the eastern United States

Publications Posted on: August 19, 2019
Background: Current forests of the eastern USA have the potential to succeed in composition to more shade-tolerant species. However, long-term processes of transition from fire-tolerant tree species to fire-sensitive species and effects of current land use on forests may interfere with successional progression.

Climate variability, carbon, drought and fire, in arid-semi-arid ecosystems

Science Spotlights Posted on: August 01, 2019
Using the best available science and tools, we can project the effects of today’s management actions on tomorrow’s non-forest vegetation assemblage, carbon, and productivity while considering changing climates.