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Keyword: oak

Recent shifts in shade tolerance and disturbance traits in forests of the eastern United States

Publications Posted on: August 19, 2019
Background: Current forests of the eastern USA have the potential to succeed in composition to more shade-tolerant species. However, long-term processes of transition from fire-tolerant tree species to fire-sensitive species and effects of current land use on forests may interfere with successional progression.

Historical range of variability for restoration and management in Wisconsin

Publications Posted on: June 26, 2019
In Wisconsin, as in other states, management goals sometimes include restoration of historical forest conditions, which may prepare forests to be more compatible with future climates, disturbances such as drought and fire, and forest health threats.

Recognizing and restoring open forests of savannas and woodlands

Science Spotlights Posted on: April 25, 2019
Although not presented in textbooks, open forests were the dominant historical forested ecosystems of the United States. Eastern and western oak forests and southeastern pine forests no longer occur at landscape scales. Management for open oak and pine forests will provide herbaceous habitat, critical to many declining bird and pollinator species.

Rio Grande National Forest: Oak bibliography

Documents and Media Posted on: April 23, 2019
One of the bibliographies included in the supplemental materials for the 2016 Rio Grande National Forest Climate Change Plan Revision workshop.  Document Type: Other Documents

Recalling open old growth forests in the Southeastern Mixed Forest province of the United States

Publications Posted on: August 20, 2018
Historical forests in the Southeastern Mixed Forest province of the United States have been less researched than other regions using historical tree surveys. We used 81,000 tree records from surveys during the 1800s to quantify composition of this ecological province. Upland oaks and pines comprised about 75% of all trees, with relatively equal composition.

Data for National Fire and Fire Surrogate study: environmental effects of alternative fuel reduction treatments

Datasets Posted on: June 08, 2016
Comprised of 12 sites nationwide, the Fire and Fire Surrogates study (FFS) is a comprehensive interdisciplinary experiment designed to evaluate the economics and ecological consequences of alternative fuel reduction treatments in seasonally dry forests of the United States.

Management Options for Control of a Stunt and Needle Nematode in Southern Forest Nurseries

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Crop rotation and fallow are management options that can be used to control plant parasitic nematodes in forest tree nurseries. Before these options can be put into practice, it is important to determine the host range and survivability under fallow of the parasitic nematode to be controlled.

Characteristics of mixed-oak forest ecosystems in southern Ohio prior to the reintroduction of fire

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Contains 12 chapters describing baseline conditions of mixed-oak forest ecosystems in the context of a long-term study of prescribed fire effects.

Ethnoecology of Fire: An Experimental Approach in the Ohio Valley

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Native Americans used fire to manipulate nature and directly benefit their survival. Certain plant species, many of which were useful to Native Americans as sources of food, fiber, dye, medicine, and game browse, are adapted to survive and even thrive in post-burn environments. Evidence suggests that Native Americans intentionally set fires to encourage growth and survival of such useful species. Data from a 5-year study conducted by the U.S.

Resistance is not futile: The response of hardwoods to fire-caused wounding

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Fires wound trees; but not all of them, and not always. Specific fire behavior and differences among tree species and individual trees produce variable patterns of wounding and wound response. Our work focuses on the relationships between fire behavior and tree biology to better understand how hardwood trees resist injury to the lower stem and either survive or succumb to low-intensity fire.