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Keyword: prescribed fire

Birds & Burns: Can Prescribed Fires Limit Wildfire Severity While Maintaining Fire’s Ecological Importance to Bird Species?

Documents and Media Posted on: May 17, 2022
An RMRS study confirmed that the prescribed fires limited wildfire burn severity, but the reduction in burn severity didn’t change patterns of bird responses to wildfire. Species that normally move into burned areas and those that move away from burned areas were the same whether or not the site was treated with prescribed fire.  Document Type: Other Documents

Short-term benefits of prescribed fire to bird communities of dry forests

Publications Posted on: May 13, 2022
Low-severity prescribed fire is an important tool to manage fire-maintained forests across North America. In dry conifer forests of the western USA, prescribed fire is often used to reduce fuel loads in forests characterized historically by mixed- and low-severity fire regimes. Understanding the ecological effects of prescribed fire treatments is important for predicting the impacts of these management actions on wildlife communities.

Prescribed fire limits wildfire severity without altering ecological importance for birds

Publications Posted on: May 05, 2022
Fire suppression and anthropogenic land use have increased severity of wildfire in western U.S. dry conifer forests. Managers use fuels reduction methods (e.g., prescribed fire) to limit high-severity wildfire and restore ecological function to these fire-adapted forests. Many avian species that evolved in these forests, however, are adapted to conditions created by high-severity wildfire.

Adaptation strategies and approaches for managing fire in a changing climate

Publications Posted on: April 21, 2022
As the effects of climate change accumulate and intensify, resource managers juggle existing goals and new mandates to operationalize adaptation. Fire managers contend with the direct effects of climate change on resources in addition to climate-induced disruptions to fire regimes and subsequent ecosystem effects.

Restoring fire to forests: Contrasting the effects on soils of prescribed fire and wildfire [Chapter 12]

Publications Posted on: March 17, 2022
Fire is a dynamic process, predictable but uncertain, that varies over time and landscape space. It is an integral component of most temperate wildland ecosystems and has shaped plant communities for as long as vegetation and lightning have existed on earth (Pyne, 1982; Scott, 2000).

Network governance in the use of prescribed fire: Roles for bridging organizations and other actors in the western United States

Publications Posted on: November 18, 2021
Dangerous wildfire conditions continue to threaten people and ecosystems across the globe and cooperation is critical to meeting the outsized need for increased prescribed burning in wildfire risk reduction work. Despite the benefits of using prescribed fire to mitigate wildfire risks, prescribed fire implementation is still challenging.

Fire and forests in the 21st Century: Managing resilience under changing climates and fire regimes in USA forests

Publications Posted on: October 15, 2021
Higher temperatures, lower snowpacks, drought, and extended dry periods have contributed to increased wildfire activity in recent decades. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of large fires, the cumulative area burned, and fire suppression costs and risks in many areas of the USA.

Marshall Woods Restoration Project: Challenges to building consensus and conveying fire hazard mitigation and ecological restoration needs to the public

Publications Posted on: September 29, 2021
Missoula District Ranger Jennifer Hensiek and other field trip presenters (see list of presenters at end) led about 35 participants on a tour through a portion of the Marshall Woods Restoration Project in the Rattlesnake National Recreation Area on the Lolo National Forest (NF).

A future without the Joint Fire Science Program?

Publications Posted on: September 29, 2021
In the Federal Fiscal Year (FY) 1998, appropriation for Interior and related agencies, U.S. Congress established funding and direction to initiate the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP). Federal wildland fire management agencies developed the Joint Fire Science Plan to provide program direction.

Human performance optimization: A holistic approach to improve wildland firefighter performance, well-being, and safety

Publications Posted on: September 29, 2021
To perform optimally, a wildland firefighter needs a diverse skillset. In addition to mastering firefighting tactics, the job requires a high level of physical fitness, proper nutrition, mental acuity, and self-awareness. These human performance factors are vital because, unlike other professions, failure to perform optimally in wildland firefighting can result in serious injury or death.