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Keyword: rate of spread

Fire spread upslope: Numerical simulation of laboratory experiments

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2019
Numerical simulations of laboratory-scale experiments, with no wind imposed, were performed for fuel bed slopes ranging from 0° to 45°. The implementation of a vertical symmetry plane (SP) placed, span-wise, along the middle of the computational domain, was assessed as an approach to reduce computational cost. The simulations were performed with Wildland-urban interface Fire Dynamics Simulator (WFDS).

The Rothermel surface fire spread model and associated developments: A comprehensive explanation

Publications Posted on: April 02, 2018
The Rothermel surface fire spread model, with some adjustments by Frank A. Albini in 1976, has been used in fire and fuels management systems since 1972. It is generally used with other models including fireline intensity and flame length. Fuel models are often used to define fuel input parameters. Dynamic fuel models use equations for live fuel curing.

Characteristics of masticated particles in mixed-conifer forests of the western United States: Experimental burns and smoldering tests

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
This data publication contains the results from 45 experimental burns and 48 smoldering tests on masticated materials from mixed-conifer forests. These data were collected from 15 study locations from 2012 through 2016 as part of the MASTIDON project. The MASTIDON project was a four-year study to describe the phyical characteristics of masticated materials that were treated with four different cutting heads in xeric and mesic environments.

Bird habitat relationships along a Great Basin elevational gradient

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Bird censuses were taken on 11 study plots along an elevational gradient ranging from 5,250 to 11,400 feet. Each plot represented a different vegetative type or zone: shadscale, shadscale-Wyoming big sagebrush, Wyoming big sagebrush, Wyoming big sagebrush-pinyon/juniper, pinyon/juniper, pinyon/juniper-mountain big sagebrush, mountain big sagebrush, mountain big sagebrush-mixed conifer, mixed conifer, mixed conifer-alpine, and alpine.

Assessing crown fire potential by linking models of surface and crown fire behavior

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Fire managers are increasingly concerned about the threat of crown fires, yet only now are quantitative methods for assessing crown fire hazard being developed. Links among existing mathematical models of fire behavior are used to develop two indices of crown fire hazard-the Torching Index and Crowning Index.

fire behavior associated with the 1994 South Canyon fire on Storm King Mountain, Colorado

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
In the aftermath of the deaths of 14 firefighters during the South Canyon Fire in July 1994, fire scientists assessed what occurred and suggested guidelines that may help firefighters avert such a tragedy in the future.

Thermocouples for forest fire research

Publications Posted on: August 14, 2015
Thermocouples have proved valuable in research conducted by the Fire Physics Project at the Northern Forest Fire Laboratory because they can measure several important fire variables besides flame and convection column temperatures. These include rate of spread and flame residence time. Describes a simple, rapid method of fabrication and reports useful and diverse applications of thermocouples in laboratory and field use.


Tools Posted on: August 05, 2014
The BehavePlus fire modeling system is a PC-based computer program that can be used for any fire management application that involves modeling fire behavior and fire effects. The system is composed of a collection of mathematical models that describe fire behavior, fire effects, and the fire environment.

Heat transfer and fire spread

Publications Posted on: February 28, 2012
Experimental testing of a mathematical model showed that radiant heat transfer accounted for no more than 40% of total heat flux required to maintain rate of spread. A reasonable prediction of spread was possible by assuming a horizontal convective heat transfer coefficient when certain fuel and flame characteristics were known.

Fire characteristics charts for fire behavior and U.S. fire danger rating

Publications Posted on: October 07, 2011
The fire characteristics chart is a graphical method of presenting U.S. National Fire Danger Rating indices or primary surface or crown fire behavior characteristics. A desktop computer application has been developed to produce fire characteristics charts in a format suitable for inclusion in reports and presentations. Many options include change of scales, colors, labels, and legend.