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Keyword: risk management

Comparing contingency fire containment strategies using simulated random scenarios

Publications Posted on: January 04, 2021
Contingency firelines can be used to back up primary lines to increase probability of fire containment, decrease fire losses, and improve firefighter safety. In this study, we classify firelines into primary, contingency, and response lines. We design a modeling process to iteratively implement a mixed integer programming model to evaluate contingency strategies under randomly generated fireline breaching scenarios.

Applying principles and methods of risk analysis: a case example of northern spotted owl research in a dynamic pandemic landscape

Publications Posted on: October 13, 2020
This report presents considerations of potential hazards and mitigation measures associated with conducting field research in the context of a pathogenic epidemic or pandemic situation.

A geospatial framework to assess fireline effectiveness for large wildfires in the western USA

Publications Posted on: August 18, 2020
Quantifying fireline effectiveness (FLE) is essential to evaluate the efficiency of large wildfire management strategies to foster institutional learning and improvement in fire management organizations.

Wildfire risk science facilitates adaptation of fire-prone social-ecological systems to the new fire reality

Publications Posted on: June 17, 2020
Large and severe wildfires are an observable consequence of an increasingly arid American West. There is increasing consensus that human communities, land managers, and fire managers need to adapt and learn to live with wildfires. However, a myriad of human and ecological factors constrain adaptation, and existing science-based management strategies are not sufficient to address fire as both a problem and solution.

An assessment of production trends on the Great Plains from 1984 to 2017

Publications Posted on: June 10, 2020
Throughout the Great Plains, aboveground annual net primary productivity (ANPP) is a critical ecosystem service supporting billions of dollars of commerce and countless stakeholders. Managers and producers struggle with high interannual change in ANPP, which often varies 40% between years due to fluctuating precipitation and drought.

Modelling suppression difficulty: Current and future applications

Publications Posted on: May 10, 2020
Improving decision processes and the informational basis upon which decisions are made in pursuit of safer and more effective fire response have become key priorities of the fire research community. One area of emphasis is bridging the gap between fire researchers and managers through development of application-focused, operationally relevant decision support tools.

Landscape and Wildfires Seminary: Diagnosis and suppression, methodological advances

Publications Posted on: May 10, 2020
In 2015, researchers from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Human Dimensions Program (hereafter U.S. Forest Service), and the University of Có\ordoba, Forest Engineering Department, Forest Fire Laboratory, Spain (hereafter University of Cordoba), entered into an official Memorandum of Understanding (MOU).

Forest Service fire management and the elusiveness of change

Publications Posted on: February 18, 2020
There is broad recognition that fire management in the United States must fundamentally change and depart from practices that have led to an over-emphasis on suppression and limited the presence of fire in forested ecosystems.

Strategic wildfire risk: Aligning wildfire response actions with land and resource planning

Projects Posted on: February 13, 2019
Large wildfires are inherently more complex; often affecting multiple jurisdictions and requiring a balance of strategic long-term planning and nimble tactical solutions to meet dynamic conditions on the ground. With this increase in complexity comes increased uncertainty.

Real-time identification of wildfire responder hazards and operational engagement opportunities

Projects Posted on: February 13, 2019
The increasing complexity of the wildfire management environment has also created challenges for managing the exposure of wildfire responders to operational hazards. Firefighting is an inherently high-risk occupation and the fire environment is fraught with hazards that consistently cause injuries and fatalities each year. While some number of these hazards can be mitigated with improved safety equipment, communications, and safety protocols once responders are deployed. It is up to the fire command staff to determine, where and under what conditions the risk/benefit trade off of deploying boots on the ground makes sense.