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Keyword: Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine

The future of subalpine forests in the Southern Rocky Mountains: Trajectories for Pinus aristata genetic lineages

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2018
Like many other high elevation alpine tree species, Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata Engelm.) may be particularly vulnerable to climate change. To evaluate its potential vulnerability to shifts in climate, we defined the suitable climate space for each of four genetic lineages of bristlecone pine and for other subalpine tree species in close proximity to bristlecone pine forests.

Southern Rockies Rust Resistance Trial (SRRRT)

Projects Posted on: October 24, 2016
The Southern Rockies Rust Resistance Trial (SRRRT) was initiated in 2013 to verify the stability of genetic resistance to white pine blister rust identified during artificial screening tests for limber and Rocky Mountain bristlecone pines conducted in collaboration with Dorena Genetic Resource Center (Cottage Grove, OR). Over 700 seedlings were outplanted in the fall 2013 and another 700 seedlings in spring 2014. White pine blister rust is common in the forests in and around the SRRRT site providing a natural source of inoculum to the seedlings. The seedlings will be periodically assessed for signs and symptoms of white pine blister rust over the next 10 years – disease symptoms were first noted in 2016.

Resistance to white pine blister rust in Pinus flexilis and P

Publications Posted on: September 30, 2016
The non-native fungus Cronartium ribicola, that causes white pine blister rust (WPBR), is impacting or threatening limber pine, Pinus flexilis, and Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine, Pinus aristata. In the Southern Rockies, where the rust invasion is still expanding, we have the opportunity to be proactive and prepare the landscape for invasion.

Ecological roles of five-needle pine in Colorado: Potential consequences of their loss

Publications Posted on: September 30, 2016
Limber pine (Pinus flexilis James) and Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata Engelm.) are two white pines that grow in Colorado. Limber pine has a broad distribution throughout western North America while bristlecone pine’s distribution is almost entirely within the state of Colorado. White pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola J. C. Fisch.) was discovered in Colorado in 1998 and threatens populations of both species.

Examining maternal effects and genetic differentiation in P. flexilis and P. aristata to improve success of conservation actions

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2014
As the climate changes and invasive species continue to spread, proactive management may be needed to conserve native plant populations. Selecting appropriate plant material for restoration or other actions that will sustain populations is an integral part of any such plan and must take into account genetic differentiation to limit maladaptation.

Patterns of resistance to Cronartium ribicola in Pinus aristata, Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine

Publications Posted on: June 11, 2013
The core distribution of Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine, Pinus aristata Engelm., extends from central Colorado into northern New Mexico, with a disjunct population on the San Francisco Peaks in northern Arizona. Populations are primarily at high elevations and often define the alpine treeline; however, the species can also be found in open mixed conifer stands with ponderosa (Pinus ponderosa Lawson & C.

Geographic patterns of genetic variation and population structure in Pinus aristata, Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine

Publications Posted on: July 31, 2012
Pinus aristata Engelm., Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine, has a narrow core geographic and elevational distribution, occurs in disjunct populations, and is threatened by rapid climate change, white pine blister rust, and bark beetles. Knowledge of genetic diversity and population structure will help guide gene conservation strategies for this species. Sixteen sites across four mountain ranges in the core distribution of P.

High elevation white pines educational website

Publications Posted on: July 05, 2011
The high elevation five-needle white pines are facing numerous challenges ranging from climate change to invasion by a non-native pathogen to escalation of pest outbreaks. This website ( serves as a primer for managers and the public on the high elevation North American five-needle pines.

Restoration planting options for limber pines in the southern Rocky Mountains

Publications Posted on: July 05, 2011
Limber Pine (Pinus flexilis) populations in the southern Rocky Mountains are severely threatened by the combined impacts of mountain pine beetles and white pine blister rust. Limber pine's critical role in these high elevation ecosystems heightens the importance of mitigating these impacts.

Limber pine seed and seedling planting experiment in Waterton Lakes National Park, Canada

Publications Posted on: July 05, 2011
Limber pine plays an important role in the harsh environments in which it lives, providing numerous ecological services, especially because its large, wingless seeds serve as a high energy food source for many animals. Limber pine populations are declining due to a combination of white pine blister rust, mountain pine beetle, drought, and fire suppression.