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Keyword: safety

Examining dispatching practices for Interagency Hotshot Crews to reduce seasonal travel distance and manage fatigue

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2018
Interagency Hotshot Crews (IHCs) are a crucial firefighting suppression resource in the United States. These crews travel substantial distances each year and work long and arduous assignments that can cause accumulated fatigue. Current dispatching practices for these crews are supposed to send the closest resource while adhering to existing fatigue-management policies.

Creating a passion for safety vs. management oversight and inspection

Publications Posted on: August 01, 2018
I was disappointed with the OSHA report of the South Canyon Fire. My feelings are not the result of any need to defend my agency (USDA Forest Service). In another time and place, I thought the OSHA report following the death of Bill Martin (a smokejumper who died in a training jump) was right on target. In that instance I was disappointed with my agency's response. But that is not the case with this OSHA report.

Wildfire response performance measurement: Current and future directions

Publications Posted on: July 23, 2018
The Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, defines success in the wildland fire response environment as ìsafely achieving reasonable objectives with the least firefighter exposure necessary while enhancing stakeholder support for our management effortsî. However, persistent information and knowledge gaps challenge the agencyís ability to measure success in coming fire seasons.

Towards improving wildland firefighter situational awareness through daily fire behaviour risk assessments in the US Northern Rockies and Northern Great Basin

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2017
Wildland firefighters must assess potential fire behaviour in order to develop appropriate strategies and tactics that will safely meet objectives. Fire danger indices integrate surface weather conditions to quantify potential variations in fire spread rates and intensities and therefore should closely relate to observed fire behaviour.

Using escaped fire reviews to improve organizational learning

Projects Posted on: October 13, 2016
Recognizing the need to enhance learning from escaped prescribed fires, the Rocky Mountain Research Station analyzed current review processes through a series of five regional, interagency dialogue sessions. These two-day workshops were held in Portland, Denver, Salt Lake City, Tucson, and Tallahassee between January and July 2011.

Bird habitat relationships along a Great Basin elevational gradient

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Bird censuses were taken on 11 study plots along an elevational gradient ranging from 5,250 to 11,400 feet. Each plot represented a different vegetative type or zone: shadscale, shadscale-Wyoming big sagebrush, Wyoming big sagebrush, Wyoming big sagebrush-pinyon/juniper, pinyon/juniper, pinyon/juniper-mountain big sagebrush, mountain big sagebrush, mountain big sagebrush-mixed conifer, mixed conifer, mixed conifer-alpine, and alpine.

fire behavior associated with the 1994 South Canyon fire on Storm King Mountain, Colorado

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
In the aftermath of the deaths of 14 firefighters during the South Canyon Fire in July 1994, fire scientists assessed what occurred and suggested guidelines that may help firefighters avert such a tragedy in the future.

Mann Gulch fire: a race that couldn't be won

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Describes the final 20 minutes of a smokejumper fire-fighting crew and the fire that overran 16 men as they were attempting to escape. The foreman and two firefighters escaped. Comparison with the behavior of a crew trapped by a fire in 1985 is described.

The communicative construction of safety in wildland firefighting (Proceedings)

Publications Posted on: September 17, 2013
This dissertation project used a two-study mixed methods approach, examining the communicative accomplishment of safety from two perspectives: high reliability organizing (Weick, Sutcliffe, & Obstfeld 1999), and safety climate (Zohar 1980). In Study One, 27 firefighters from two functionally similar wildland firefighting crews were interviewed about their crew-level interactions for implementing safety rules and tasks.

Preliminary results from a survey of U.S. Forest Service wildfire managers' attitudes toward aviation personnel exposure and risk

Publications Posted on: October 31, 2012
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service (USFS) has, in recent years, increasingly emphasized the importance of safety to its employees, but wildfire management remains a risky endeavor.