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Keyword: smoke

Measurements, datasets and preliminary results from the RxCADRE project-2008, 2011 and 2012

Publications Posted on: January 08, 2016
The lack of independent, quality-assured field data prevents scientists from effectively evaluating and advancing wildland fire models. To rectify this, scientists and technicians convened in the southeastern United States in 2008, 2011 and 2012 to collect wildland fire data in six integrated core science disciplines defined by the fire modelling community.

Improved air-quality models help land managers and regulators

Science Spotlights Posted on: September 30, 2015
Wildland fires are a significant source of air pollutants. Researchers found that wildfires in the Interior Mountain West burn with a much lower combustion efficiency than prescribed fires. This finding means that for a given mass of vegetation burned, wildfires emit more fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and more non-methane organic compounds (NMOC) that lead to ozone (O3) formation.

Using prescribed fire to reduce the risk of smoke related traffic problems on I-95

Publications Posted on: September 29, 2015
In many areas of the United States, prescribed burning near highways is considered too risky because of the potential for smoke to obscure the highway. In one area in Florida, prescribed fire is used to reduce the risks of smoke related impacts to Interstate 95. The St Johns River Water Management District manages over 400,000 acres of land.

Book: Wildland Fuel Fundamentals and Applications

Science Spotlights Posted on: September 09, 2015
A new era in wildland fuel sciences is now evolving in that fire scientists and managers need a comprehensive understanding of fuels ecology and science to realistically evaluate fire effects and behavior in the diverse ecosystems and landscapes of the world. Wildland Fuel Fundamentals and Applications is a new book that may provide fire managers and scientists the information needed to understand how fuels are used in fire behavior and effects predictions and management.

Airborne and Lidar measurements of smoke plume rise, emissions, and dispersion

Datasets Posted on: August 27, 2015
This data publication consists of measurements of smoke plume rise, emissions, and dispersion in and around eight wildfires in the western United States and prescribed fires in California, Idaho, and North Carolina. Eleven wildland fires were investigated between August 2009 and August 2011, allowing the research team to measure plume rise and smoke transport over a wide range of meteorological conditions, fire activity, fuels, and terrain.

RxCADRE 2008, 2011, and 2012: Burn blocks

Datasets Posted on: August 27, 2015
This data publication contains three vector shapefiles of the burn blocks for the 2008, 2011, and 2012 Prescribed Fire Combustion and Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiment (RxCADRE). These plots are located at Eglin Air Force Base, northeast of Valparaiso, Florida and at the Joseph Jones Ecological Research Center at Ichauway, near Camila, Georgia.

RxCADRE 2012: Airborne measurements of smoke emission and dispersion from prescribed fires

Datasets Posted on: August 27, 2015
The Prescribed Fire Combustion and Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiment (RxCADRE) was designed to collect atmospheric, fuels, fire behavior, energy balance, emissions, and fire effects data to advance fire models and further our understanding of smoke emissions. This dataset covers 3 operational prescribed fires ignited at Eglin Air Force Base in 2012 as part of the RxCADRE research project.

Wildland fire emission factors database

Datasets Posted on: August 27, 2015
Smoke emission factors (EFs) have been developed for a variety of wildland fuels beginning in the late 1960s. Many of these EFs have been presented in a variety of outlets and there is no centralized repository containing many of the EFs developed in the 1970s and 1980s.

RxCADRE 2008, 2011, and 2012: Lidar data and derived raster products

Datasets Posted on: August 27, 2015
This data package contains raw lidar data and derived raster products from the 2008, 2011, and 2012 Prescribed Fire Combustion and Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiment (RxCADRE). Data include LAZ lidar files and derived rasters including terrain, canopy height, mean intensity surfaces, as well as percent canopy cover.

Wildland Fire Management Research, Development & Application Program

Pages Posted on: August 14, 2015
The Wildland Fire Management Research, Development & Application Program (WFM RD&A) was initiated in 2007 to provide exemplary fire science integration and wildland fire management support to management agencies and partners. The program sponsors and guides the development and application of wildland scientific knowledge, develops decision support tools, and provides science application services to the interagency wildland fire community.

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