You are here

Keyword: upper subalpine communities

A range-wide restoration strategy for whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis)

Publications Posted on: June 26, 2012
Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis), an important component of western high-elevation forests, has been declining in both the United States and Canada since the early Twentieth Century from the combined effects of mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreaks, fire exclusion policies, and the spread of the exotic disease white pine blister rust (caused by the pathogen Cronartium ribicola).