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Keyword: visitors

Wilderness recreation use: the current situation

Publications Posted on: June 26, 2006
The total amount of recreational use of the National Wilderness Preservation System is currently at about 14.5 million visitor days per annum. Trends indicate a stable or declining overall use; use on a per acre basis is declining. The common stereotype of the wilderness user as young, wealthy, urban, leisured, and a nonresident of the State or region is largely incorrect.

Wilderness visitor management practices: a benchmark and an assessment of progress

Publications Posted on: June 26, 2006
In the short time that wilderness visitor management practices have been monitored, some obvious trends have developed. The managing agencies, however, have appeared to provide different solutions to similar problems. In the early years, these problems revolved around concern about overuse of the resource and crowded conditions.

Characteristics of wilderness users in outdoor recreation assessments

Publications Posted on: June 26, 2006
Wilderness use is often subsumed under outdoor recreation participation in large-scale assessments. Participation monitoring has indicated, however, that wilderness use has been increasing faster than outdoor recreation use in general. In a sample of Forest Service wilderness and nonwildemess users during the summer of 1985, detailed expenditure, activity, and travel profiles were developed.

Visitor use density and wilderness experiences: a historical review of research

Publications Posted on: June 23, 2006
Considerable research on the relationship between use density and wilderness visitor experiences has been conducted over the past four decades. This paper focuses on early work on this topic, tracing the development and languishing of different research themes suggested by this early work. Research—particularly that conducted in the normative tradition—has contributed useful information to managers grappling with the imposition of use limits.

Wilderness management principles: science, logical thinking or personal opinion?

Publications Posted on: June 23, 2006
Recreational use adversely affects the ecological integrity of wilderness. Wilderness managers face the challenge of keeping this loss of ecological integrity to minimal levels, a task that must be accomplished primarily through management of wilderness visitors. For the past 30 years, researchers have assisted managers by assessing problems associated with recreational use of wilderness and by identifying solutions to these problems.

Wilderness recreation in the United States: trends in use, users, and impacts

Publications Posted on: June 23, 2006
Recreation use of the National Wilderness Preservation System (NWPS) has increased sixfold since passage of The Wilderness Act in 1964. Use is currently increasing in most designated wilderness areas. However, the wilderness visitors of today, the trips they take, and their management preferences are not very different from those of a decade or two ago. Some of the impacts of recreation use are stable, while others are worsening.

Selecting indicators and understanding their role in wilderness experience stewardship at Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve

Publications Posted on: June 21, 2006
The Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC) and other indicator-based planning frameworks (e.g., VERP, Visitor Experience and Resource Protection; VIM, Visitor Impact Management) have been widely adopted by wilderness managers.

Information about wilderness visitors and recreation impacts: is it adequate?

Publications Posted on: June 21, 2006
The Wilderness Act of 1964 (P.L.

Voices from Denali: "it's bigger than wilderness"

Publications Posted on: June 20, 2006
Denali National Park and Preserve, at over 6 million acres (2.5 million ha) contains the highest point in North America. Mount McKinley, at more than 20,000 feet (more than 6,000 m) above sea level, watches over thousands of caribou, moose, packs of wolves, grizzly bears, and Dall sheep, as well as many other mountains and a vast amount of rare plant life.

Wilderness party size regulations: implications for management and a decisionmaking framework

Publications Posted on: March 11, 2006
Arriving at appropriate limits on the size of groups in wilderness remains a difficult and often controversial management challenge. This paper presents a review of the state of knowledge regarding group size from an ecological impact and visitor experience standpoint, a survey of wilderness managers regarding the current status of group size regulations and a proposed management decisionmaking framework for group size.