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Keyword: vulnerability

Climate-driven shifts in soil temperature and moisture regimes suggest opportunities to enhance assessments of dryland resilience and resistance

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2019
Assessing landscape patterns in climate vulnerability, as well as resilience and resistance to drought, disturbance, and invasive species, requires appropriate metrics of relevant environmental conditions.

Climate change effects on rangelands and rangeland management: Affirming the need for monitoring

Publications Posted on: November 13, 2017
Uncertainty as to the extent and magnitude of changes in conditions that might occur due to climate change poses a problem for land and resource managers as they seek to adapt to changes and mitigate effects of climate variability. We illustrate using scenarios of projected future conditions on rangelands in the Northern Great Plains and Desert Southwest of the United States.

Effects of climate change on rangeland vegetation in the northern Rockies [Chapter 6]

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2017
A longer growing season with climate change is expected to increase net primary productivity of many rangeland types, especially those dominated by grasses, although responses will depend on local climate and soil conditions. Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide may increase water use efficiency and productivity of some species.

Conservation of bristlecone pine – proactive management today and resources for tomorrow

Science Spotlights Posted on: August 23, 2017
Rocky Mountain bristlecone pines are long-lived, exhibit delayed maturation, have low genetic diversity, and inhabit cold, high-elevation environments. They are threatened by the non-native disease white pine blister rust, warming temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, and altered disturbance regimes. Sustaining bristlecone pine populations is essential to (1) maintain healthy mountain-top ecosystems and (2) ensure that the young bristlecone pine trees of today and tomorrow have the opportunity to achieve great age with picturesque gnarled trunks and wind-swept canopies for future generations to experience and enjoy.  

Potential climate change impacts on four biophysical indicators of cattle production from western US rangelands

Publications Posted on: August 22, 2017
We examined multiple environmental factors related to climate change that affect cattle production on rangelands to identify sources of vulnerability among seven regions of the western United States. Climate change effects were projected to 2100 using published spatially explicit model output for four indicators of vulnerability: forage quantity, vegetation type trajectory, heat stress, and interannual forage variability.

Vulnerability of grazing and confined livestock in the Northern Great Plains to projected mid- and late-twenty-first century climate

Publications Posted on: August 03, 2017
The Northern Great Plains (NGP) region of the USA - which comprises Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Nebraska - is a largely rural area that provides numerous ecosystem services, including livestock products, cultural services, and conservation of biological diversity.

Managing climate change risks in rangeland ecosystems

Science Spotlights Posted on: July 21, 2017
Rangelands are ecologically diverse ecosystems in the drier parts of the United States, occupying around 25 percent of the United States land area. Rangelands provide a variety of ecosystem services, including wildlife habitat, clean water, and carbon sequestration. Rangelands also provide the opportunity for commodity products such as domestic livestock, energy (solar, and oil and gas), and small diameter wood products. Rangelands contribute to the livelihoods of thousands of people in the Great Plains and the Southwest of the United States. These livelihoods are vulnerable to climate change from both an ecological and a socioeconomic perspective. Adaptation to this changing climate will have to address ecological stress as well as the social and economic challenges. 

Managing climate change risks in rangeland systems [Chapter 15]

Publications Posted on: June 08, 2017
The management of rangelands has long involved adapting to climate variability to ensure that economic enterprises remain viable and ecosystems sustainable; climate change brings the potential for change that surpasses the experience of humans within rangeland systems. Adaptation will require an intentionality to address the effects of climate change.

The Social-Ecological Resilience and Changing Landscapes Webinar Series

Pages Posted on: January 05, 2017
Join us during Spring 2017 to explore activities and tools that facilitate effective adaptation and build social-ecological resilience in the context of changing landscapes.

Spatial Demography in the Natural Resource Management Context

Events Posted on: November 29, 2016
Rebecca Rasch (USFS Presidential Management Fellow) provided a brief overview of recent social science research which applies spatial demographic techniques to answer natural resource management questions. Topics included: considering social vulnerability in climate change adaptation policy decisions, linking intergenerational changes in Wilderness values and preferences for Wilderness management, and the effects of urbanization and climate change on use of protected natural areas.