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Keyword: wilderness

Managing coastal recreation impacts and visitor experience using GIS

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006
A campsite monitoring program was initiated in Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve/Haida Heritage Site to determine baseline levels of visitor impacts. These data were necessary to evaluate visitor management strategies and to act as reference points to measure changes in impacts over time. Using GIS, survey data were integrated with an ecological land classification, archaeological databases and a visitor use database.

Camping impact management at Isle Royale National Park: An evaluation of visitor activity containment policies from the perspective of social conditions

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006
A survey of backcountry and wilderness campsites at Isle Royale National Park reveals that the park’s policies for managing visitor impacts have been remarkably effective in limiting the areal extent of camping-related disturbance. However, the dense spatial arrangement of designated campsites within backcountry campgrounds has also contributed to problems with visitor crowding and conflict.

Twenty-eight years of wilderness campsite monitoring in Yosemite National Park

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006
The research, resource management and wilderness staffs in Yosemite National Park recently completed the third 10-year cycle of a wilderness campsite impact monitoring program. Initial results indicate an overall improvement in conditions due to a strong restoration program, decreased use and increased visitor education. Lessons learned point to the necessity for ample and appropriate data collection and consistent techniques over time.

Effects of soil compaction on root and root hair morphology: implications for campsite rehabilitation

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006
Recreational use of wild lands can create areas, such as campsites, which may experience soil compaction and a decrease in vegetation cover and diversity. Plants are highly reliant on their roots’ ability to uptake nutrients and water from soil. Any factors that affect the highly specialized root hairs (“feeder cells”) compromise the overall health and survival of the plant.

Protecting wilderness air quality in the United States

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006
Federal land managers are responsible for protecting air quality-related values (AQRVs) in parks and wilderness areas from air pollution damage or impairment. Few, if any, class 1 areas are unaffected by regional and global pollutants, such as visibility-reducing particles, ozone and deposition of sulfur (S), nitrogen (N) and toxics.

Improving management of nonnative invasive plants in wilderness and other natural areas

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006
Nonnative invasive plants invade wilderness and other natural areas throughout North America and invasive organisms as a group are now considered the second worst threat to biodiversity, behind only habitat loss and fragmentation. In the past 10-20 years there have been upsurges in interest in the ecology of plant invasions among researchers and in concern about how to prevent and control them among land managers.

Improving livestock management in wilderness

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006

Recreation impacts and management in wilderness : A state-of-knowldege review

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006
This paper reviews the body of literature on recreation resource impacts and their management in the United States, with a primary focus on research within designated wildernesses during the past 15 years since the previous review (Cole 1987b). Recreation impacts have become a salient issue among wilderness scientists, managers and advocates alike.

Wilderness fire science: A state of knowledge review

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2006
Wilderness fire science has progressed since the last major review of the topic, but it was significantly affected by the large fire events of 1988. Strides have been made in both fire behavior and fire effects, and in the issues of scaling, yet much of the progress has not been specifically tied to wilderness areas or funding.

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