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Keyword: wildfires

All-hazards dataset mined from the US National Incident Management System 1999-2014

Publications Posted on: June 22, 2020
This paper describes a new dataset mined from the public archive (1999–2014) of the U.S. National Incident Management System/Incident Command System Incident Status Summary Form (a total of 124,411 reports for 25,083 incidents, including 24,608 wildfires). This system captures detailed information on incident management costs, personnel, hazard characteristics, values at risk, fatalities, and structural damage.

Fuel dynamics following wildfire in US Northern Rockies forests

Publications Posted on: June 09, 2020
Accumulation of dead woody material is a critical management concern following wildfires, especially given the possibility of subsequent wildfires. Forest structure and fuel accumulation are largely driven by site climatic conditions, so variability in site conditions is important to consider in management beyond the one-size fits all model for post-fire fuel dynamics.

Rethinking resilience to wildfire

Publications Posted on: August 22, 2019
Record-breaking fire seasons are becoming increasingly common worldwide, and large wildfires are having extraordinary impacts on people and property, despite years of investments to support social-ecological resilience to wildfires.

Social vulnerability to large wildfires in the western USA

Publications Posted on: July 25, 2019
Federal land managers in the US can be informed with quantitative assessments of the social conditions of the populations affected by wildfires originating on their administered lands in order to incorporate and adapt their management strategy to achieve a more targeted prioritization of community wildfire protection investments.

Physical vulnerabilities from wildfires: Flames, floods, and debris flows

Publications Posted on: July 08, 2019
Humans live in or adjacent to wildland ecosystems that burn periodically and are part of nearly all ecosystems that are in the pyrosphere. There are many hazards posed by wildfire and certain consequences of living in these ecosystems. Most are associated with wildfire, but the increased use of prescribed fire is an issue because of associated risks with human attempts to manage ecological goals.

Missoula Fire Lab wildfire emission inventory

Projects Posted on: April 03, 2018
Wildfire smoke can trigger severe pollution episodes with substantial impacts on public health.

Back to the Future: Building resilience in Colorado Front Range forests using research findings and a new guide for restoration of ponderosa and dry-mixed conifer landscapes

Publications Posted on: February 01, 2018
Historically, the ponderosa and dry mixed-conifer forests of the Colorado Front Range were more open and grassy, and trees of all size classes were found in a grouped arrangement with sizable openings between the clumps. As a legacy of fire suppression, today’s forests are denser, with smaller trees. Proactive restoration of this forest type will help to reduce fuel loads and the risk of large and severe wildfires in the Colorado Front Range.

Should I stay or should I go now? Or should I wait and see? Influences on wildfire evacuation decisions

Publications Posted on: January 10, 2018
As climate change has contributed to longer fire seasons and populations living in fire-prone ecosystems increase, wildfires have begun to affect a growing number of people. As a result, interest in understanding the wildfire evacuation decision process has increased.

Stream water quality concerns linger long after the smoke clears: Learning from Front Range wildfires

Publications Posted on: December 14, 2017
Large, high-severity wildfires alter the ecological processes that determine how watersheds retain and release nutrients and affect stream water quality. These changes usually abate a few years after a fire but recent studies indicate they may persist longer than previously expected.

Fire evolution in the radioactive forests of Ukraine and Belarus: future risks for the population and the environment

Publications Posted on: October 07, 2016
In this paper, we analyze the current and future status of forests in Ukraine and Belarus that were contaminated after the nuclear disaster in 1986. Using several models, together with remote-sensing data and observations, we studied how climate change in these forests may affect fire regimes.