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Keyword: wildland fire management

Understanding community trust in wildfire management agencies

Science Spotlights Posted on: August 10, 2020
Trust is an essential element in building and maintaining successful partnerships with stakeholders and community members. Findings indicate that managers hoping to build, maintain, or restore trust with communities therefore may want to focus on active communication, and demonstrating competence and how actions are in the best interest of the community.

Exploring wildfire-prone community trust in wildfire management agencies

Publications Posted on: February 18, 2020
This research examines how trustworthy wildfire management agencies are perceived to be in five wildfire-prone communities. Trust was most often expressed in the context of agency abilities or competence (calculative trust), whereas distrust was framed in the context of intentions or the belief that the agency is not acting in the best interest of the community (relational trust).

Spatial optimization of operationally relevant large fire confine and point protection strategies: Model development and test cases

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2018
This study introduces a large fire containment strategy that builds upon recent advances in spatial fire planning, notably the concept of potential wildland fire operation delineations (PODs). Multiple PODs can be clustered together to form a “box” that is referred as the “response POD” (or rPOD). Fire lines would be built along the boundary of an rPOD to contain a large fire.

Quantifying the influence of previously burned areas on suppression effectiveness and avoided exposure: A case study of the Las Conchas Fire

Publications Posted on: April 21, 2016
We present a case study of the Las Conchas Fire (2011) to explore the role of previously burned areas (wildfires and prescribed fires) on suppression effectiveness and avoided exposure.

Automated integration of lidar into the LANDFIRE product suite

Publications Posted on: October 07, 2015
Accurate information about three-dimensional canopy structure and wildland fuel across the landscape is necessary for fire behaviour modelling system predictions. Remotely sensed data are invaluable for assessing these canopy characteristics over large areas; lidar data, in particular, are uniquely suited for quantifying three-dimensional canopy structure.

Public acceptance of wildland fire and fuel management: Panel responses in seven locations

Publications Posted on: September 05, 2014
Wildland fire affects both public and private resources throughout the United States. A century of fire suppression has contributed to changing ecological conditions and accumulated fuel loads. Managers have used a variety of approaches to address these conditions and reduce the likelihood of wildland fires that may result in adverse ecological impacts and threaten communities.

Allowing a wildfire to burn: estimating the effect on future fire suppression costs

Publications Posted on: September 26, 2013
Where a legacy of aggressive wildland fire suppression has left forests in need of fuel reduction, allowing wildland fire to burn may provide fuel treatment benefits, thereby reducing suppression costs from subsequent fires. The least-cost-plus-net-value-change model of wildland fire economics includes benefits of wildfire in a framework for evaluating suppression options.

Assessing high reliability practices in wildland fire management: an exploration and benchmarking of organizational culture

Publications Posted on: August 26, 2013
In an effort to improve organizational outcomes, including safety, in wildland fire management, researchers and practitioners have turned to a domain of research on organizational performance known as High Reliability Organizing (HRO).

Use of expert knowledge to develop fuel maps for wildland fire management [chapter 11]

Publications Posted on: February 24, 2012
Fuel maps are becoming an essential tool in fire management because they describe, in a spatial context, the one factor that fire managers can control over many scales surface and canopy fuel characteristics. Coarse-resolution fuel maps are useful in global, national, and regional fire danger assessments because they help fire managers effectively plan, allocate, and mobilize suppression resources (Burgan et al. 1998).

Season ending events, a matter of perspective

Publications Posted on: October 07, 2011
Agency managers are often faced with making difficult wildland fire management decisions based on collating a significant amount of information regarding a fire. Supporting the decisions is understanding how long an incident may persist, especially if the fire has potential for resource benefits.