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Linda A. Joyce

Emeritus Scientist

240 West Prospect Road
Fort Collins, CO 80526
Contact Linda A. Joyce

Current Research

My current research projects include 1) extending climate and ecological output to assess the impacts of climate change in meaningful ways to assist land managers , 2) synthsis of adaptation theory and approaches for rangelands, 3) developing techniques to assess the vulnerability of ecosystems and natural resources at large spatial scales and institutional scales

Research Interests

Working with the climate change projections has raised questions about how to quantify the variability, not just in the climate projections, but also in the projections of the natural resource models that use those climate projections. Understanding that future variability gives us a picture of potential risks related to future climate and climate extremes on forests and rangelands, such as the potential for increased or decreased fire, floods, changes in vegetation types and many other natural resource responses to a changing climate.

Why This Research is Important

Natural resources on forest and rangelands in the United States are affected by disturbances such as wildfire, insects, disease, development by humans, and climate change. Quantifying these influences on natural resources provides information on the future condition of forest and rangelands. This information provides a scientific basis for consideration of the type of ecosystem services that current and future generations could manage for on forest and rangelands.


  • Grand Valley State College, B.S., Mathematics, 1972
  • Miami University, M.S., Environmental Science, 1974
  • Colorado State University, Ph.D., Range Ecology, 1981
  • Featured Publications


    Chambers, Jeanne C.; Evers, Louisa; Joyce, Linda A., 2019. Climate adaptation [Chapter 3]
    Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L.; Ho, Joanne J.; Little, Natalie J.; Joyce, Linda A., 2018. Climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the Intermountain Region [Part 1]
    Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L.; Ho, Joanne J.; Little, Natalie J.; Joyce, Linda A., 2018. Climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the Intermountain Region [Part 2]
    Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L.; Dante-Wood, S. Karen; Hoang, Linh; Ho, Joanne J.; Joyce, Linda A., 2018. Climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the Northern Rocky Mountains [Part 1]
    Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L.; Dante-Wood, S. Karen; Hoang, Linh; Ho, Joanne J.; Joyce, Linda A., 2018. Climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the Northern Rocky Mountains [Part 2]
    Rice, Janine R.; Joyce, Linda A.; Regan, Claudia; Winters, David; Truex, Rick, 2018. Climate change vulnerability assessment of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in the U.S. Forest Service Rocky Mountain Region
    Vose, J.M.; Peterson, D.L.; Domke, G.M.; Fettig, C.J.; Joyce, Linda A.; Keane II, Robert E.; Luce, Charles H.; Prestemon, J.P; Band, L.E.; Clark, J.S.; Cooley, N.E.; D’Amato, A.; Halofsky, J.E., 2018. Forests
    Joyce, Linda A.; Talbert, Marian, 2018. Historical and projected climate [Chapter 3]
    Joyce, Linda A.; Talbert, Marian; Sharp, Darrin; Morisette, Jeffrey; Stevenson, John, 2018. Historical and projected climate in the Northern Rockies Region [Chapter 3]
    Joyce, Linda A.; Bentrup, Gary; Cheng, Antony S.; Kolb, Peter; Schoeneberger, Michele; Derner, Justin, 2018. Native and agricultural forests at risk to a changing climate in the Northern Plains
    Averyt, Kristen; Derner, Justin D.; Dilling, Lisa; Guerrero, Rafael; Joyce, Linda A.; McNeeley, Shannon; McNie, Elizabeth; Morisette, Jeffrey; Ojima, Dennis; O'Malley, Robin; Peck, Dannele; Ray, Andrea J.; Reeves, Matt C.; Travis, William, 2018. Regional climate response collaboratives: Multi-institutional support for climate resilience
    Cooke, Brian; Battaglia, Mike; Dwire, Kathleen A.; Isaak, Daniel J.; Joyce, Linda A.; Merritt, David; Oropeza, Jill; Regan, Claudia; Reynolds, Lindsay; Rice, Janine; Schillie, Trey, 2018. Warming and warnings: Assessing climate change vulnerability in the Rocky Mountain Region
    Nagel, Linda M.; Palik, Brian J.; Battaglia, Mike A.; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Guldin, James M.; Swanston, Christopher W.; Janowiak, Maria K.; Powers, Matthew P.; Joyce, Linda A.; Millar, Constance I; Peterson, David L.; Ganio, Lisa M.; Kirschbaum, Chad; Roske, Molly R., 2017. Adaptive Silviculture for Climate Change: A National Experiment in Manager-Scientist Partnerships to Apply an Adaptation Framework
    Rice, Janine; Bardsley, Tim; Gomben, Pete; Bambrough, Dustin; Weems, Stacey; Huber, Allen; Joyce, Linda A., 2017. Assessment of aspen ecosystem vulnerability to climate change for the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache and Ashley National Forests, Utah
    Rice, Janine; Bardsley, Tim; Gomben, Pete; Bambrough, Dustin; Weems, Stacey; Leahy, Sarah; Plunkett, Christopher; Condrat, Charles; Joyce, Linda A., 2017. Assessment of watershed vulnerability to climate change for the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache and Ashley National Forests, Utah
    Joyce, Linda A.; Marshall, Nadine A., 2017. Managing climate change risks in rangeland systems [Chapter 15]
    Chambers, Jeanne C.; Beck, J.L.; Bradford, J.B.; Bybee, J.; Campbell, S.; Carlson, J.; Christiansen, T.J.; Clause, K.J.; Collins, G.; Crist, M.R.; Dinkins, J.B.; Doherty, K.E.; Edwards, F.; Espinosa, S.; Griffin, K.A.; Griffin, P.; Haas, Jessica R.; Hanser, S.E.; Havlina, D.W.; Henke, K.F.; Hennig, J.D.; Joyce, Linda A.; Kilkenny, Francis F.; Kulpa, S.M.; Kurth, L.L.; Maestas, J.D.; Manning, M.; Mayer, K.E.; Mealor, B.A.; McCarthy, C.; Pellant, M.; Perea, M.A.; Prentice, K.L.; Pyke, D.A.; Wiechman, L.A.; Wuenschel, A., 2017. Science framework for conservation and restoration of the sagebrush biome: Linking the Department of the Interior’s Integrated Rangeland Fire Management Strategy to long-term strategic conservation actions
    Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L.; Joyce, Linda A.; Millar, Constance I.; Rice, Janine M.; Swanston, Christopher W., 2014. Implementing climate change adaptation in forested regions of the United States
    Peterson, David L.; Wolken, J.M.; Hollingsworth, Teresa; Giardina, Christian; Littell, J.S.; Joyce, Linda A.; Swanston, Chris; Handler, Stephen; Rustad, Lindsey; McNulty, Steve, 2014. Regional Highlights of Climate Change
    Hines, Sarah; Brenkert-Smith, Hannah; Champ, Patricia A.; Joyce, Linda A.; Robichaud, Pete R.; Ryan-Burkett, Sandra E., 2014. Science You Can Use Bulletin: Our relationship with a dynamic landscape: Understanding the 2013 Northern Colorado Flood
    Sturges, Frank; Joyce, Linda A.; Brown, Thomas C.; Flather, Curtis H.; Mockrin, Miranda H.; Reeves, Matt C., 2013. Science You Can Use Bulletin: Coming to a landscape near you: Natural resource changes in the Interior West
    Daniels, A.E.; Morrison, J.F.; Joyce, Linda A.; Crookston, N.L.; Chen, S.C.; McNulty, S.G., 2012. Climate projections FAQ
    Joyce, Linda A.; Cross, Molly; Girvatz, Evan, 2011. Addressing uncertainty in vulnerability assessments [Chapter 5]
    Joyce, Linda A.; Price, David T.; McKenney, Daniel W.; Siltanen, R. Martin; Papadopol, Pia; Lawrence, Kevin; Coulson, David P., 2011. High resolution interpolation of climate scenarios for the conterminous USA and Alaska derived from general circulation model simulations
    Price, D. T.; McKenney, D. W.; Joyce, Linda A.; Siltanen, R. M.; Papadopol, P.; Lawrence, K., 2011. High-resolution interpolation of climate scenarios for Canada derived from general circulation model simulations
    Peterson, David L.; Millar, Connie I.; Joyce, Linda A.; Furniss, Michael J.; Halofsky, Jessica E.; Neilson, Ronald P.; Morelli, Toni Lyn., 2011. Responding to climate change in national forests: a guidebook for developing adaptation options
    Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L; Furniss, Michael J.; Joyce, Linda A.; Millar, Constance I.; Neilson, Ronald P., 2011. Workshop approach for developing climate change adaptation strategies and actions for natural resource management agencies in the United States
    Joyce, Linda A.; Fox, William; Geissler, Paul; Heitschmidt, Rodney; Hidinger, Lori; Patten, Duncan; Spence, John; Strong, Laurence L.; Unnasch, Robert; Washington-Allen, Robert A., 2010. Criterion II: Indicators for conservation and maintenance of plant and animal resources on rangelands (Chapter 3)
    Solomon, Allen; Birdsey, Richard A.; Joyce, Linda A., 2010. Forest Service Global Change Research Strategy, 2009-2019 Implementation Plan
    Furniss, M.J.; Millar, C.I.; Peterson, D.L.; Joyce, Linda A.; Neilson, R.P.; Halofsky, J.E.; Kerns, B.K., 2009. Adapting to Climate Change: A Short Course for Land Managers
    Blate, G. M.; Joyce, Linda A.; Littell, J. S.; McNulty, S. G.; Millar, C. I.; Moser, S. C.; Neilson, R. P.; O’Halloran, K.; Peterson, D. L., 2009. Adapting to climate change in United States national forests
    Bentz, Barbara J.; Logan, Jesse; MacMahon, Jim; Allen, Craig D.; Ayres, Matt; Berg, Ed; Carroll, Allan; Hansen, Matt; Hicke, Jeff; Joyce, Linda A.; Macfarlane, Wallace; Munson, Steve; Negron, Jose; Paine, Tim; Powell, Jim; Raffa, Ken; Regniere, Jacques; Reid, Mary; Romme, Bill; Seybold, Steven J.; Six, Diana; Tomback, Diana; Vandygriff, James C.; Veblen, Tom; White, Mike; Witcosky, Jeff; Wood, David, 2009. Bark beetle outbreaks in western North America: Causes and consequences
    Solomon, Allen; Birdsey, Richard; Joyce, Linda A.; Hayes, Jennifer, 2009. Forest Service Global Change Research Strategy, 2009-2019
    Osman-Elasha, Balgis; Parrotta, John; Adger, Neil; Brockhaus, Maria; Colfer, Carol J. Pierce; Sohngen, Brent; Dafalla, Tallaat; Joyce, Linda A.; Johnson, Nkem; Robledo, Carmenza, 2009. Future socio-economic impacts and vulnerabilities
    Innes, John; Joyce, Linda A.; Kellomaki, Seppo; Louman, Bastiaan; Ogden, Aynslie; Parrotta, John; Thompson, Ian; Ayres, Matthew; Ong, Chin; Santoso, Heru; Sohngen, Brent; Wreford, Anita, 2009. Management for adaptation
    Joyce, Linda A.; Blate, Geoffrey M.; McNulty, Steven G.; Millar, Constance I.; Moser, Susanne; Neilson, Ronald P.; Peterson, David L., 2009. Managing for multiple resources under climate change: national forests
    Joyce, Linda A.; Flather, Curtis H.; Koopman, Marni, 2008. Analysis of potential impacts of climate change on wildlife habitats in the U.S.
    Joyce, Linda A., 2008. Climate change assessments
    Julius, Susan H.; West, Jordan M.; Blate, Geoffrey M.; Baron, Jill S.; Griffith, Brad; Joyce, Linda A.; Kareiva, Peter; Keller, Brian D.; Palmer, Margaret A.; Peterson, Charles H.; Scott, J. Michael., 2008. Executive summary
    Joyce, Linda A.; Blate, Geoffry M.; Littell, Jeremy S.; McNulty, Steven G.; Millar, Constance I.; Moser, Susanne C.; Neilson, Ronald P.; O'Halloran, Kathy; Peterson, David L., 2008. National forests
    Baron, Jill S.; Julius, Susan Herrod; West, Jordan M.; Joyce, Linda A.; Blate, Geoffrey; Peterson, Charles H.; Palmer, Margaret; Keller, Brian D.; Kareiva, Peter; Scott, J. Michael; Griffith, Brad, 2008. Some guidelines for helping natural resources adapt to climate change
    Alig, Ralph; Adams, Darius; Joyce, Linda A.; Sohngen, Brent., 2004. Climate change impacts and adaptation in forestry: responses by trees and markets.
    Guldin, James M.; Cawrse, David; Graham, Russell T.; Hemstrom, Miles; Joyce, Linda A.; Kessler, Steve; McNair, Ranotta; Peterson, George; Shaw, Charles G.; Stine, Peter; Twery, Mark; Walter, Jeffrey, 2003. Science Consistency Reviews A Primer for Application
    Guldin, James M.; Cawrse, David; Graham, Russell T.; Hemstrom, Miles; Joyce, Linda A.; Kessler, Steve; McNair, Ranotta; Peterson, George; Shaw, Charles G.; Stine, Peter; Twery, Mark; Walter, Jeffrey, 2003. The Science Consistency Review A Tool To Evaluate the Use of Scientific Information in Land Management Decisionmaking
    Dale, Virginia H.; Joyce, Linda A.; McNulty, Steve; Neilson, Ronald P.; Ayres, Matthew P.; Flannigan, Michael D.; Hanson, Paul J.; Irland, Lloyd C.; Lugo, Ariel E.; Peterson, Chris J.; Simberloff, Daniel; Swanson, Frederick J.; Stocks, Brian J.; Wotton, Michael, 2001. Climate change and forest disturbances
    Joyce, Linda A.; Aber, John; McNulty, Steve; Dale, virginia; Hansen, Andrew; Irland, Lloyd; Neilson, Ron; Skog, Kenneth, 2001. Potential consequences of climate variability and change for the forests of the United States
    Joyce, Linda A.; Nungesser, Martha, 2000. Ecosystem productivity and the impact of climate change
    Joyce, Linda A.; Birdsey, Richard, 2000. The impact of climate change on America's forests
    Dale, Virginia H.; Joyce, Linda A.; McNulty, Steve; Neilson, Ronald P., 2000. The interplay between climate change, forests, and disturbances
    Joyce, Linda A.; Flather, Curtis H.; Flebbe, Patricia A.; Hoekstra, Thomas W.; Ursic, Stan J., 1990. Integrating Forage, Wildlife, Water, and Fish Projections with Timber Projections at the Regional Level: A Case Study in Southern United States
    Rangelands occupy 25 percent of America's landscape. Photo by David Valentine (used with permission).
    Rangelands are ecologically diverse ecosystems in the drier parts of the United States, occupying around 25 percent of the United States land area. Rangelands provide a variety of ecosystem services, including wildlife habitat, clean water, and carbon sequestration. Rangelands also provide the opportunity for commodity products such as domestic livestock, energy (solar, and oil and gas), and small diameter wood products. Rangelands contribute to the livelihoods of thousands of people in the Great Plains and the Southwest of the United States. These livelihoods are vulnerable to climate change from both an ecological and a socioeconomic perspective. Adaptation to this changing climate will have to address ecological stress as well as the social and economic challenges. 
    Scientists and managers initiated a collaborative process to assist the Rio Grande National Forest (RGNF) with bringing climate change information into their Forest Planning Process. A 2-day workshop off-site brought together staff from the RGNF, FS Research, and Colorado State University to listen and learn from each other. Products included specialists’ reports, bibliographies, workshop handouts and outputs. The project and outputs may be useful in evaluating the role of collaborations and workshops in the future for Region 2, other FS Regions or other federal lands.
    There is an urgent need to develop adaptive management strategies that foster ecosystem resilience to the impact of climate change and enable forests to adapt to uncertain future conditions. This project utilizes a scientist-land manager partnership to develop, implement, and measure ecological responses in a large-scale replicated study of three adaptive management treatments strategies in the dry mixed conifer forest type.
    Climate is a major driver of spatial and temporal patterns in primary productivity. Relating trends in ecosystem productivity to climate across the United States will enhance our understanding of how climate change will influence ecosystem productivity in the future and support climate change adaptation and mitigation activities.
    Climate change will affect wildlife directly through temperature and moisture changes and indirectly through habitat availability as vegetation types and ecosystem productivity changes. Our study focuses on the western United States, on an annual time frame, and at a 0.083 degree grid cell spatial scale.