Wildland fires emit significant amounts of greenhouse gases, particulate matter, and ozone precursors. This can have a significant negative effect on public health at multiple scales. In order to mitigate these impacts, state agencies require daily air quality forecasts to minimize exposure risk. Air quality analyses are also necessary to quantify the contribution of fires to regional air pollution and thereby support the development of effective and efficient emission controls for industrial, power generation, and transportation sources. In addition to air quality forecasting and analyses, burned area maps are invaluable tools used by emergency response teams, which often include hydrologists, wildlife biologists, soils scientists, geologists, ecologists, engineers, foresters, botanists, and GIS specialists, and which assess threats to life, property, and natural resources in the days and weeks immediately following a fire. The availability of timely, comprehensive, and consistent burned area estimates can improve fire and forest management decisions and lead to better fire emission estimates and subsequent air quality forecasts and air regulatory strategies.
For more information, please visit the project page at https://www.firelab.org/project/near-real-time-burned-area-mapping-viirs