In the northern Rocky Mountain region there are vast areas of forest land denuded by fire, which will remain virtually unproductive for generations to come unless planted by hand with nursery-grown trees. After the first sweep of fire through the original stands of western white pine timber (Pinus monticola) on these lands, the forest in most instances started to come back naturally, but before recovery was complete fire came again and this time swept away all the small new trees and all sources of seed for future growth. Forest planting is the only practical means of making such land productive. Because of the vast amount of forest planting to be done in this region, it is desirable that research point out the means by which it can be undertaken at smallest cost and with the best possible results in thrifty young trees. This paper is an account of a few experiments to that end, other studies with a bearing on survival of plantations being still under way.