The Wilderness Foundation, in partnership with South African National Parks has initiated a two year project in the Karoo; The Mountain Zebra-Camdeboo Corridor Project. Through either voluntary Contractual National Park or Protected Environment agreements, the project aims to work with, rather than displace, current conservation-compatible land-use practices such as ecotourism, livestock grazing and other sustainable resource use. Less formal conservation options, such as biodiversity agreements, will also be offered to landowners. These agreements provide benefits to landowners in terms of protecting the environment as well as contributing towards the conservation of threatened wildlife species. Protection contributes to safeguarding the recently-identified Sneeuberg Centre of Endemism, part of the Amathole-Sneeuberg Montane Belt. The project will stimulate conservation-friendly economic development in the region while protecting it from inappropriate development. It is envisaged that the outcome of the project will be a mosaic of properties, including both SANParks-managed and privately-owned land.