Wildlife biologists must balance a diverse array of ecological and social considerations in managing species and habitats. The challenges of managing species and habitats in dynamic landscapes are influenced by diverse factors, including natural disturbances, vegetation development, and anthropogenic-mediated changes, such as climate change, management activities, and land use. Mountain pine beetles (MPBs) can be viewed as an ecosystem engineer - a species that both directly and indirectly shapes landscapes by altering the composition, structure, and function of ecosystems. Although native wildlife species co-evolved with natural disturbances such as MPB outbreaks, in the shorter term these changes simultaneously create and eliminate certain habitats. Additionally, changes to ecosystems from MPB outbreaks interact with other processes such as fire, nutrient cycling, and sedimentation to further alter habitats.