Integrated surface management techniques for pipeline construction through arid and semi-arid rangeland ecosystems are presented in a case history of a 412-mile pipeline construction project in New Mexico. Planning, implementation and monitoring for restoration of surface hydrology, soil stabilization, soil cover, and plant species succession are discussed. Planning phases included baseline survey for native plant community composition and noxious weed populations, seed mixture design, critical area identification, construction specifications for seeding, weed control and erosion controls, and information meetings. Implementation phases included daily inspection of equipment, seed quality and quantity, planting, mulch cover and anchoring, erosion control blankets, water diversion structures, and arroyo stabilization structures. Monitoring commitments for seeding success, noxious weed spread, and condition of erosion controls on public land were established for three years following project completion. Two years of noxious weed monitoring showed that most noxious weed populations appear to have been contained by project-specific weed management. One population of halogeton (Halogeton glomeratus) was contained after the first year but increased in area after the second year. Monitoring of seeding success will occur in a one-time assessment three growing seasons after completed seeding ( 1998).