In 2009, the Interior West Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program of the U.S. Forest Service started to archive approximately 11 000 increment cores collected in the Interior West states during the periodic inventories of the 1980s and 1990s. The two primary goals for use of the data were to provide a plot-linked database of radial growth to be used for growth model development and other biometric analyses, and to develop a gridded dendroecological database that could be used to analyze regional patterns of climate, disturbance, and other ecosystem-scale processes. Early analysis related to the latter goal showed that the finely gridded data could be used to map past climatic patterns with more detail than is possible using traditional chronologies. FIA-based Douglas-fir and pinyon pine chronologies showed high temporal coherence with previously published tree-ring chronologies, and the spatial and temporal coherence between the FIA data and water year precipitation was strong. FIA data also captured the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) dipole and revealed considerable latitudinal fluctuation over the past three centuries. Finally, the FIA data confirmed the coupling between wet/dry cycles and Pacific decadal variability known to exist for the Intermountain West. These results highlight the further potential for high-spatial-resolution climate proxy data sets for the western United States.