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FIRE-BIRD: Habitat suitability model application tools for disturbance-associated woodpeckers

Abstract

FIRE-BIRD is an ArcGIS spatial tool for applying habitat suitability models to generate maps that inform forest management planning. This tool focuses on disturbance-associated woodpecker species of conservation concern.

Overview and Applicability

Image of a logo for the tool FIRE-BIRD including the text FIRE-BIRD in the center with photos of woodpeckers, a wooded landscape, and GIS map surrounding the text. A transparent up close image of a tree trunk is in the background.
FIRE-BIRD: Habitat suitability model application tools for disturbance-associated woodpeckers.
The habitat suitability models implemented in FIRE-BIRD, and their respective output, can inform forest management for sensitive disturbance-associated woodpecker species. The output of the FIRE-BIRD tool identifies areas most likely to support these species. The output can be used to identify areas of high suitability which can be targeted for conservation (e.g., design criteria for post-fire salvage logging) and to identify areas of marginal suitability where habitat improvements could be conducted (e.g., dry forest restoration activities).

Tools are currently developed for black-backed (Picoides arcticus), Lewis’s (Melanerpes lewis), and white-headed woodpecker (Dryobates albolarvatus) in Inland Northwest burned forests; black-backed, white-headed, and hairy woodpecker (D. villosus) in Northern Sierra burned forests; and white-headed woodpecker in Inland Northwest unburned forests. The suite of species currently included makes this toolset best suited for postfire management and restoration treatments in dry mixed-conifer forests.

Additional species and forest conditions will continue to be added, broadening the scope of this toolset.

The General Technical Report (GTR) referenced/linked on this page describes the ecological basis for each tool and provides operational instructions and guidelines for applying habitat maps to inform planning.

The video tutorial provides a walkthrough for application of habitat suitability models.

Feedback/Support (email): SM.FS.firebird@usda.gov

Inputs

An image of what the FIRE-BIRD tool looks like showing an image of a forested landscape with arrows pointing to a computer drop down screen with arrows then pointing to a map showing a key for habitat suitability
The FIRE-BIRD tool: processing spatial covariate inputs to generate habitat suitability maps.
Input variables are tool-specific and are documented within the FIRE-BIRD GTR-391 and the Lewis's Woodpecker Addendum: FIRE-BIRD: A GIS-based toolset for applying habitat suitability models to inform land management planning.

Outputs

30-m resolution raster layers mapping the relative likelihood for species occurrence, i.e., habitat suitability indices (HSIs) with values ranging from 0 (low suitability) to 1 (high suitability).

Requirements

ArcGIS (ESRI, v10.5 or newer) via stand-alone program or via USDA Forest Service Citrix Environment AND access to the FIRE-BIRD v2.1 Toolbox on the USFS internal network T-Drive (T:\FS\RD\RMRS\Science\WTE\Research\HSI_applic_tool\TOOLBOX)

OR

ArcGIS (ESRI, v10.5 or newer) via stand-alone program AND a downloaded copy of the FIRE-BIRD v2.1 Toolbox.

Release Notes

We recommend using the latest release of FIRE-BIRD, which is hosted on the T-Drive and on this page. Prior versions are archived, but not available.

FIRE-BIRD v2.1 includes updated Lewis's Woodpecker Burned model covariates and coefficients, and the addition of the Lewis's Woodpecker Burned (RAVG) model tool (March 20, 2021). [latest release]

FIRE-BIRD v2.0 included the addition of the LEWO MTBS tools (March 23, 2020).

FIRE-BIRD v1.0 was the original toolset made available.

Restrictions and Limitations

FIRE-BIRD is open source and provided without charge. If you use FIRE-BIRD in your research, please cite the general technical report FIRE-BIRD: A GIS-based toolset for applying habitat suitability models to inform land management planning using the following citation.

Citation

Latif, Quresh S.; Saab, Victoria A.; Haas, Jessica R.; Dudley, Jonathan G. 2019. FIRE-BIRD: A GIS-based toolset for applying habitat suitability models to inform land management planning. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-391. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 74 p.

Related Tool

Campos, Brent R., Steel, Zachary. FIRE-BAT User Manual (PDF download).

Publications

Cross, Todd B. ; Latif, Quresh ; Dudley, Jonathan G. ; Saab, Victoria A. , 2021
Latif, Quresh ; Saab, Victoria A. ; Dudley, Jonathan G. ; Markus, Amy ; Mellen-McLean, Kim , 2020
Latif, Quresh ; Saab, Victoria A. ; Haas, Jessica R. ; Dudley, Jonathan G. , 2019
Latif, Quresh ; Saab, Victoria A. ; Mellen-Mclean, Kim ; Dudley, Jonathan G. , 2015
Latif, Quresh ; Saab, Victoria A. ; Dudley, Jonathan G. ; Hollenbeck, Jeff P. , 2013
Saab, Victoria A. ; Russell, Robin E. ; Rotella, Jay ; Dudley, Jonathan G. , 2011
Saab, Victoria A. ; Russell, Robin E. ; Dudley, Jonathan G. , 2009
Russell, Robin E. ; Saab, Victoria A. ; Dudley, Jonathan G. , 2007



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