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Environmental indices for common Michigan trees and shrubs.Author(s): Gary J. Brand
Source: Research Paper NC-261. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionPlants are indicators of environmental factors like moisture, nutrients, heat, and light. Semi-quantitative indices for these four factors were developed for 90 Michigan trees and shrubs. The indices and a tally of species present provide a simple evaluation of the environment of a forest stand and a useful management aid.
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CitationBrand, Gary J. 1985. Environmental indices for common Michigan trees and shrubs. Research Paper NC-261. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Keywordsmoisture, nutrients, heat, light, synecological coordinates
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