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Manager's handbook for black spruce in the north-central states.Author(s): William F. Johnston
Source: General Technical Report NC-34. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionPresents the resource manager with a key for choosing silvicultural practices to manage black spruce stands, especially for pulpwood on organic soil sites. Discusses control of growth, establishment, composition, and damaging agents; also discusses managing for Christmas trees, wildlife habitat, water, and esthetics. Includes yield and growth data, and broadcast burning techniques.
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CitationJohnston, William F. 1977. Manager''s handbook for black spruce in the north-central states. General Technical Report NC-34. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Keywordsblack spruce, Picea mariana, Lake States, silviculture, timber management, forest management
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