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Some harvest options and their consequences for the aspen, birch, and associated forest types of the Lake States.Author(s): L.F Ohmann; H.O. Batzer; R.R. Buech; D.C. Lothner; D. A. Perala; A.L. Schipper; E.S. Verry
Source: General Technical Report NC-48. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionDescribes some harvest options and their consequences in terms of timber investment return, water yield and quality, wildlife, visual quality, and disease and insect impact for the aspen, white birch, red pine, white pine, jack pine, black spruce, spruce-fir, and white-cedar forest types of the Lake States.
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CitationOhmann, L.F; Batzer, H.O.; Buech, R.R.; Lothner, D.C.; Perala, D. A.; Schipper, A.L.; Verry, E.S. 1978. Some harvest options and their consequences for the aspen, birch, and associated forest types of the Lake States. General Technical Report NC-48. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Keywordseven-aged management systems, uneven-aged management systems, visual quality, wildlife, water quality, aspen, birch, pine, spruce, cedar
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