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    Author(s): Albert J. Simard; Donald A. Haines; Richard W. Blank; John S. Frost
    Date: 1983
    Source: General Technical Report NC-83. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (23.38 MB)

    Description

    Describes the Mack Lake Fire near Mio, Michigan. Few documented wildfires have exceeded its average spread rate (2 mi/h) and energy release rate (8,800 Btu/ft/sec). The extreme behavior resulted from high winds, low humidity, low fuel moisture and jack pine fuels. Horizontal roll vortices may have contributed to the death of one firefighter.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Simard, Albert J.; Haines, Donald A.; Blank, Richard W.; Frost, John S. 1983. The Mack Lake fire. General Technical Report NC-83. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station

    Keywords

    fire behavior, crown fires, jack pine, weather, fuels, horizontal roll vortices

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