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The Mack Lake fire.Author(s): Albert J. Simard; Donald A. Haines; Richard W. Blank; John S. Frost
Source: General Technical Report NC-83. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: View PDF (23.38 MB)
DescriptionDescribes the Mack Lake Fire near Mio, Michigan. Few documented wildfires have exceeded its average spread rate (2 mi/h) and energy release rate (8,800 Btu/ft/sec). The extreme behavior resulted from high winds, low humidity, low fuel moisture and jack pine fuels. Horizontal roll vortices may have contributed to the death of one firefighter.
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CitationSimard, Albert J.; Haines, Donald A.; Blank, Richard W.; Frost, John S. 1983. The Mack Lake fire. General Technical Report NC-83. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Keywordsfire behavior, crown fires, jack pine, weather, fuels, horizontal roll vortices
- Fire effects in northeastern forests: jack pine.
- Pinus contorta X banksiana hybrids tested in northern Rocky Mountains
- Forest floor fuels in red and jack pine stands
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