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Ecological studies of the timber wolf in Northeastern Minnesota.Author(s): L. David Mech; L.D. Jr. Frenzel
Source: Research Paper NC-52. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionAerial observations and radio tracking showed that wolves had ranges of 43 to 1,000 square miles. Kill rate during usual winters was one deer per wolf per 18 days, but harsher winters allowed increased kill. Wolf-killed deer generally were older and had more abnormalities than hunter-killed deer.
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CitationMech, L. David; Frenzel, L.D. Jr. 1971. Ecological studies of the timber wolf in Northeastern Minnesota. Research Paper NC-52. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
KeywordsCanis lupus, timber wolves, wolf, kill rate
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