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Effects of thinning on young shortleaf pine plantations in Indiana.Author(s): Howard M. Phipps
Source: Research Paper NC-93. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionStudies were established in two young shortleaf pine plantations in southern Indiana to determine if thinning would improve growth and yield. Both plantations had been planted at 6- by 6-foot spacing. Plots in the first plantation were thinned to 120, 100, and 80 square feet of basal area at ages 14 and 21. Plots in the second plantation were thinned to 130, 110, 90, and 70 square feet of basal area at ages 17 and 22. Unthinned plots in both plantations served as controls. It was found that thinning to 100 and 120 square feet increased volume yield and basal area growth rate slightly. Heavier thinning increased d.b.h. but reduced volume yield by as much as 13%. Form class as changed very little by thinning. It does not appear that these stands need to be thinned at an early age. Unless controlled, hardwood species will probably succeed shortleaf pine in these stands.
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CitationPhipps, Howard M. 1973. Effects of thinning on young shortleaf pine plantations in Indiana. Research Paper NC-93. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
KeywordsPinus echinata, shortleaf pine, growth, yield, stocking, stand density
- Stand dynamics of unthinned and thinned shortleaf pine plantations
- Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata Mill.) and hardwood regeneration after thinning natural shortleaf pine forests in southern United States
- Basal area or stocking percent: which works best in controlling density in natural shortleaf pine stands
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