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    Author(s): L. David Mech; Patrick D. Karns
    Date: 1977
    Source: Research Paper NC-148. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (3.61 MB)

    Description

    White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) declined in the Superior National Forest of Minnesota between 1968 and 1974. In a 3,000 km2 area of the poorest habitat, deer were decimated. Contributing factors were severe winters, deteriorating habitat, and wolves. Wolves killed older deer, but insufficient fawns were available to replace them.

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    Citation

    Mech, L. David; Karns, Patrick D. 1977. Role of the wolf in a deer decline in the Superior National Forest. Research Paper NC-148. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station

    Keywords

    Canis lupus, wolf, Odocoileus virginianus, white-tailed deer, predation, prey, Minnesota, winter severity

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