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Evaluation of several methods of applying sewage effluent to forested soils in the winter.Author(s): Alfred Ray Harris
Source: Research Paper NC-162. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: View PDF (1.38 MB)
DescriptionSurface application methods result in heat loss, deep soil frost, and surface ice accumulations; subsurface methods decrease heat loss and produce shallower frost. Distribution of effluent within the frozen soil is a function of surface application methods, piping due to macropores and biopores, and water movement due to temperature gradients. Nitrate is not renovated.
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CitationHarris, Alfred Ray. 1978. Evaluation of several methods of applying sewage effluent to forested soils in the winter. Research Paper NC-162. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Keywordssoil water renovation, infiltrations, soil heat loss, soil water movement, effluent distribution
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