Nearly 500,000 acres of forest and water were severely impacted by a powerful wind and rain storm in northeastern Minnesota on the fourth of July 1999. Trees were uprooted and snapped off in a swath that was 4-12 miles wide and 30 miles long. This document addresses the many ecological and social research needs in nine discipline areas that were generated as a consequence of this unprecedented storm event. It is intended to be a resource for research planning, for prioritizing storm-recovery management activities, and for research-related access to affected wilderness areas.
Mattson, W.J.; Shriner, D.S. 2001. Northern Minnesota Independence Day storm: a research needs assessment. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-216. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station