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Size and Placement of Metal Culverts Critical on Peatland Woods RoadsAuthor(s): J.H. Stoeckeler
Source: Research Note NC-37. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionCulverts too small in diameter or poorly placed were major causes of timber flooding and tree damage. Placement problems were poor culvert slope, poor hydraulic approach, lack of gravel bedding, and too little soil covering the culverts.
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CitationStoeckeler, J.H. 1967. Size and Placement of Metal Culverts Critical on Peatland Woods Roads. Research Note NC-37. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Keywordsculverts, timber flooding, tree damage
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