Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
Balsam Fir Dominant Species Under Rethinned Northern White-CedarAuthor(s): William F. Johnston
Source: Research Note NC-133. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: View PDF (1.87 MB)
DescriptionA 20-year thinning study in a Wisconsin swamp stand of middle-aged northern white-cedar indicates that advance tree reproduction and shrubs grow little under after a second thinning to less than 150 square feet of basal area per acre. Balsam fir will probably dominate this undergrowth, particularly if the area is used heavily by snowshoe hare or white-tailed deer.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationJohnston, William F. 1972. Balsam Fir Dominant Species Under Rethinned Northern White-Cedar. Research Note NC-133. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
KeywordsThuja occidentalis, Abies balsamea, undergrowth, snowshoe hare, browsing
- Survival and growth of northern white-cedar and balsam fir seedlings in riparian management zones in northern Minnesota, USA
- Growth comparison of northern white-cedar to balsam fir and red spruce by site class
- Influence of soil site class on growth and decay of northern white-cedar and two associates in Maine
XML: View XML