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Growth of Red Pine Planted on a Northern Hardwood SiteAuthor(s): Douglas M. Stone
Source: Research Note NC-210. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionA red pine conversion planting was established on a cutover northern hardwood site in 1929. Competing hardwoods were conrolled on half the area by cleaning during the first 10 years after planting. After 46 growing seasons pine survival was 70 percent on the cleaned plot, and 25 percent on that not cleaned; mean annual increment was 2.37 cords(190 ft3), and .91 cords (73 ft3) per acre respectively. Merchantable volume of pine was 109 and 42 cords per acre. These data demonstrate the inability of red pine to compete with maple on medium textured soils, and illustrate the growth potential of the species if hardwood competition is controlled during plantation establishment. Results indicate that merchantable volume production on some well drained northern hardwood sites could be doubled by intensive management of red pine.
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CitationStone, Douglas M. 1976. Growth of Red Pine Planted on a Northern Hardwood Site. Research Note NC-210. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Keywordsred pine, species conversion, cleaning, hardwood competition, intesive silviculture, site quality
- Managing succession in conifer plantations: converting young red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) plantations to native forest types by thinning and underplantiing
- Direct seeding in northern forest types
- The effect of initial number of trees per acre and thinning densities on timber yields from red pine plantations in the Lake States.
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