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    Author(s): Elon S. Verry; Arthur E. Elling
    Date: 1978
    Source: Research Note NC-229. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
    Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.03 MB)

    Description

    Natural seeding in a strip-cut black spruce bog was adequate, averaging 1,800 stems per acre and 80 percent milacre stocking. natural seeding in a completely cut bog was inadequate, averaging 630 stems per acre and 40 percent milacre stocking. Slash was removed to expose sphagnum seedbeds in both cases. Progressive cutting every other year is recommended.

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    Citation

    Verry, Elon S.; Elling, Arthur E. 1978. Two Years Necessary for Successful Natural Seeding in Nonbrushy Black Spruce Bogs. Research Note NC-229. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station

    Keywords

    Picea mariana, direct seeding, swamp conifers, conifer reproduction, peatlands, Minnesota

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