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Two Years Necessary for Successful Natural Seeding in Nonbrushy Black Spruce BogsAuthor(s): Elon S. Verry; Arthur E. Elling
Source: Research Note NC-229. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionNatural seeding in a strip-cut black spruce bog was adequate, averaging 1,800 stems per acre and 80 percent milacre stocking. natural seeding in a completely cut bog was inadequate, averaging 630 stems per acre and 40 percent milacre stocking. Slash was removed to expose sphagnum seedbeds in both cases. Progressive cutting every other year is recommended.
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CitationVerry, Elon S.; Elling, Arthur E. 1978. Two Years Necessary for Successful Natural Seeding in Nonbrushy Black Spruce Bogs. Research Note NC-229. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
KeywordsPicea mariana, direct seeding, swamp conifers, conifer reproduction, peatlands, Minnesota
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