Central hardwood notesAuthor(s): F. Bryan Clark; Jay G. Hutchinson
Source: Central hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication (MISC)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: View PDF (23.61 MB)
DescriptionThe central hardwood forest covers a vast area of the United States where the dominant native vegetation is hardwood trees. It is one of the largest forest areas in the country and contains about 100 million acres. The forests include more than 70 hardwood tree species, several conifers, many shrubs and herbaceaous plants, and a large number of animal species. This great richness of plants and animals is the result of a wide diversity of soils, geography, and climate. Although much of the original forest was cleared for agriculture woodlands remain a dominant feature of the landscape. Aside from scenic beauty, these forests provide recreation, water, timber products, fuel, and essential habitats for wildlife. The social and economic benefits of the central hardwood forests, while of great value, can be increased substantially with better management.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationClark, F. Bryan; Hutchinson, Jay G. 1989. Central hardwood notes. Central hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station.
KeywordsSilviculture, genetic, ecology, natural regeneration, artificial regeneration, stand management, economics, damaging agents, wildlife habitat, recreation, visual quality, watershed management.
- The central hardwood forest
- Ecological principles: climate, physiography, soil, and vegetation
- Invasive plant species in hardwood tree plantations
XML: View XML