Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    The fungus Sirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum causes butternut canker in North America and is not known to kill or seriously affect tree species other than butternut (Juglans cinerea). However, this putative exotic pathogen has been found on branches of black walnut (J. nigra) and heartnut (J. ailantifolia var. cordiformis), raising questions regarding the potential host range of the pathogen and its spread to new areas on tree hosts other than butternut. Results of artificial inoculations of several hardwood species indicated that the pathogen, although not causing lethal cankers, has the ability to colonize and survive in the wood of several genera, including Quercus, Carya, Corylus, Prunus, and Castanea. Several commercially important Persian walnut (J. regia) cultivars tested were moderately or highly susceptible, underscoring the importance of preventing the movement of the pathogen into commercial Juglans plantations in California, where its ability to cause disease and damage trees is unknown. Evidence for the presence of variation in aggressiveness among isolates of S. clavigignenti-juglandacearum was detected based on differences in canker lengths resulting from inoculations with two isolates of the pathogen. In a field test of several previously named butternut cultivars, all were found to be highly susceptible to the disease, calling into question the value of these selections for nut production or future restoration uses.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Ostry, M. E.; Moore, M. 2007. Natural and experimental host range of Sirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum. Plant Disease 91(5):581-584

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page