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    Author(s): Henry, Jr. Trial
    Date: 1985
    Source: In: Grimble, David G.; Lewis, Franklin B., coords. Proceedings, Symposium: Microbial control of spruce budworms and gypsy moths; 1984 April 10-12; Windsor Locks, CT. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-100. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 7-12
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (430.33 KB)

    Description

    Bacillus thuringiensis (B. t.) has been used operationally in the eastern U. S. since 1978 with most applications occurring in Maine. Changes in B. t. dosage rates, volume, cost, spray aircraft, and use patterns will be discussed. Evaluation of B. t. dosage in the east has consisted of variable results with 8 B.I.U. treatments in 1978 through 1980, to consistently good results with 12 B.I.U.'s for 1981 t o 1983. Application technology has changed from high volumes in 1979 to undiluted or neat applications in 1983. Spray delivery systems have changed from boom and nozzle equipped small helicopters to small fixed-wing aircraft equipped with rotary atomizers. Improved efficacy has significantly broadened the B. t. use pattern.

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    Citation

    Trial, Henry, Jr. 1985. Operational experiences with Bt in the Eastern United States. In: Grimble, David G.; Lewis, Franklin B., coords. Proceedings, Symposium: Microbial control of spruce budworms and gypsy moths; 1984 April 10-12; Windsor Locks, CT. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-100. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 7-12

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